Revisión sistemática de intervenciones en prosocialidad y empatía en personas con TEA

Palabras clave: intervención, autismo, empatia, prosocial

Resumen

El DSM-5 enmarca el trastorno del espectro autista (TEA) dentro de los trastornos del desarrollo neurológico, cuyo rasgo más característico son las alteraciones de la conducta social, que incluyen afectaciones en prosocialidad y empatía. El objetivo del presente trabajo es determinar la efectividad de las diferentes intervenciones dirigidas a mejorar la prosocialidad y la empatía en personas con TEA e identificar factores determinantes. Para ello, se ha llevado a cabo una revisión sistemática según las directrices PRISMA de los artículos encontrados en las bases de datos Web of Science, PubMed, ScienceDirect y Dialnet. Los resultados indican un incremento en las puntuaciones en prosocialidad y empática para las personas con TEA mediante diferentes técnicas de intervención, aunque parece ser que los factores determinantes son el grado de lenguaje receptivo y expresivo, las habilidades de comunicación no verbal, el razonamiento fluido, el CI y la frecuencia en la implementación.

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Biografía del autor/a

Francisco González Sala, Facultad de Psicología. Universidad de Valencia
Profesor Ayudante Doctor Dpto. Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación

Citas

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Publicado
01-07-2020
Cómo citar
Bru Luna, L. M., Martí-Vilar, M., & González Sala, F. (2020). Revisión sistemática de intervenciones en prosocialidad y empatía en personas con TEA. Revista De Investigación Educativa, 38(2), 359-377. https://doi.org/10.6018/rie.395421
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