Exposure to traumatic events and perceptual priming in forcedly displaced Colombian population in Ecuador

  • Carlos Reyes Valenzuela Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar, Sede Ecuador
  • María José Martos-Méndez Universidad de Málaga
  • Amalio Blanco Abarca Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
  • Rubén Blanco Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal
Keywords: Perceptual priming, word-steam completion task, post-traumatic stress disorder, forced displacement


In line with the hypothesis that PTSD is a memory disorder, recent studies on perceptual priming have focused on identifying the differences between population with and without Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). This study addresses priming in people who have been exposed to traumatic experiences of forced displacement. To that end, three categories of the word “trauma” (i.e., of threat, emotional and judicial) and a category of “neutral” words, which shared their three-letter root were chosen. The participants were 44 Colombian refugees and asylum seekers living in Ecuador with or without PTSD. The results of our study point that people with PTSD have higher perceptual priming in the threat and emotional categories, and asylum seekers show higher priming in the judicial category. The implications for studies that address the impact of political violence are discussed.


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Author Biographies

Carlos Reyes Valenzuela, Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar, Sede Ecuador

Carrera de Psicología, Universidad Politécnica Salesiana de Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador

María José Martos-Méndez, Universidad de Málaga

Departamento de Psicología Social, Trabajo Social, Antropología Social y Estudios de Asia Oriental de la Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, España

Amalio Blanco Abarca, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Departamento de Psicología Social y Metodología, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, España
Rubén Blanco, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal

Hospital Universitario “Ramón y Cajal”, Madrid, España


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How to Cite
Reyes Valenzuela, C., Martos-Méndez, M. J., Blanco Abarca, A., & Blanco, R. (2019). Exposure to traumatic events and perceptual priming in forcedly displaced Colombian population in Ecuador. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 35(3), 483-489. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.35.3.315401
Social and Organizational Psychology