Cyberbullying in adolescents and youth in the Basque Country: Changes with age.

  • Maite Garaigordobil Facultad de Psicología. Universidad del País Vasco
Keywords: Cyberbullying, violence, age, adolescence, youth


The study aimed to analyze changes with age in cyberbullying. The sample comprised 3,026 participants from the Basque Country, aged from 12 to 18 years. The Cyberbullying Test was administered to assess the frequency with which 15 behaviors had been received, performed and observed during the past year, and to identify 4 psychometric indicators: victimization, perpetration, observation, and aggressive victimization. The results showed: 1) Similar percentages of victims from 12 to 18 years in the 15 conducts; 2) An increase of aggressors with age in 5 conducts (broadcasting private photos, blackmailing-threatening, sexual harassment, stealing a password, death threats); 3) An increase of observers with age in 12 conducts (sending offensive messages, offensive calls, broadcasting private photos/videos, taking photos in dressing rooms/beach… to humiliate; anonymous frightening calls, identity theft, stealing a password, rigging photos to humiliate, isolating on social networks, blackmail to obligate to do something, death threats, slandering/spreading rumors); and 4) An increase with age of the average of aggressive conducts performed by the aggressors and seen by the observers.  The study provides information on the significant prevalence of cyberbullying during adolescence and youth. The discussion focuses on the need to implement psychoeducational intervention programs to prevent peer violence.


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Author Biography

Maite Garaigordobil, Facultad de Psicología. Universidad del País Vasco

Dpto. de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológico.

Catedrática de Evaluación y Diagnóstico Psicológicos.


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How to Cite
Garaigordobil, M. (2015). Cyberbullying in adolescents and youth in the Basque Country: Changes with age. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 31(3), 1069-1076.
Psychology and professional practice