Validez y fiabilidad de un instrumento para evaluar la competencia digital del profesorado en relación a la acción tutorial online en las etapas de Educación Infantil y Educación Primaria

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Palabras clave: competencia digital, acción tutorial, profesorado, psicometría, fiabilidad, validez, invarianza factorial, métodos de investigación

Resumen

El artículo presenta la validez y fiabilidad de un instrumento para evaluar el nivel de competencia digital del profesorado de Educación Infantil y de Educación Primaria para llevar a cabo la acción tutorial a través de recursos TIC como parte del proceso educativo en tiempos de COVID-19.  El instrumento cuenta con 35 ítems clasificados en cinco dimensiones (A- funciones del tutor con el alumnado, B- funciones del tutor con el profesorado, C- funciones del tutor con la familia, D-Formación en TIC y transferencia, E- Uso de recursos TIC). El instrumento fue aplicado a una muestra de 1098 profesores en activo procedentes de 14 comunidades autónomas de España. La fiabilidad fue medida a través de Alfa de Cronbach, Coeficiente de Spearman-Brown, Dos mitades de Guttman, Omega McDonald y fiabilidad Compuesta. Para comprobar la validez del instrumento, fue analizado la validez de comprensión, exploración de la dimensionalidad mediante Análisis-Factorial-Exploratorio (AFE), y se fue ajustando el instrumento a través de diferentes modelos a través del análisis factorial confirmatorio (AFC). Además, fue analizada la invarianza factorial por la variable sexo (masculino-femenino), tipo de centro (público-concertado) y tipo de profesorado (educación infantil-educación primaria), así como la validez externa. Los análisis de fiabilidad fueron altamente satisfactorios y en relación a la validez de constructo, los resultados encontraron un buen ajuste del modelo tanto en la validez interna como en la invarianza factorial, con una versión final del instrumento de 25 ítems.

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Publicado
25-09-2021
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Guillen-Gamez, F. D., Mayorga-Fernández, M. J., & Contreras-Rosado, J. A. (2021). Validez y fiabilidad de un instrumento para evaluar la competencia digital del profesorado en relación a la acción tutorial online en las etapas de Educación Infantil y Educación Primaria. Revista de Educación a Distancia (RED), 21(67). Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.um.es/red/article/view/474981
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