Educación STEM en y para el mundo digital

El papel de las herramientas digitales en el desempeño de prácticas científicas, ingenieriles y matemáticas

Palabras clave: Herramientas digitales, TIC, STEM, educación científica, competencia digital.

Resumen

Actualmente existe un amplio abanico de herramientas digitales que se pueden usar en la enseñanza de la ciencia, la tecnología, la ingeniería y la matemática (las denominadas disciplinas STEM) durante la escolaridad primaria y secundaria. A partir de las definiciones propuestas por documentos marco de amplio consenso internacional, se discuten los puntos de encuentro entre la educación STEM y las herramientas digitales, y cómo una adecuada simbiosis entre ambas puede servir tanto para mejorar las competencias científicas, matemáticas y tecnológicas de los estudiantes como para mejorar sus competencias digitales necesarias para el desarrollo personal y profesional en la era digital. Pretendemos aportar una perspectiva al uso de herramientas digitales en el aula que trascienda las modas pasajeras, y que se centre en por qué y en el cómo usar cada una de estas herramientas, y para ello nos centramos en señalar tanto las oportunidades que ofrece la enseñanza digital para el aprendizaje STEM como las oportunidades que ofrece la enseñanza STEM para el aprendizaje digital. Con este conjunto de reflexiones y aportaciones provenientes de la investigación en el ámbito proponemos superar el debate sobre “herramientas digitales sí o no”. Teniendo en cuenta los beneficios de las mismas, en particular para un ámbito con tanta relevancia cultural, social y económica como STEM, lo importante sería dedicar más esfuerzos a clarificar “cómo y para qué” usar estas herramientas en la escuela.

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Publicado
31-03-2020
Cómo citar
López Simó, V., Couso Lagarón, D., & Simarro Rodríguez, C. (2020). Educación STEM en y para el mundo digital. Revista De Educación a Distancia, 20(62). https://doi.org/10.6018/red.410011
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