Relaciones entre ansiedad evaluativa, autorregulación y estrategias de afrontamiento del estrés en universitarios opositores

Autores/as

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.411131
Palabras clave: Ansiedad evaluativa, Autorregulación, Estrategias de afrontamiento, Estrés académico, Estudiantes universitarios opositores

Resumen

El objetivo de la investigación fue establecer relaciones de asociación, interdependencia y predicción estructural entre las variables ansiedad evaluativa, authorregulación y estrategias de afrontamiento del estrés. El marco teórico de referencia fue el modelo de la competencia de Studying, Learning, and Performing under Stress (SLPS). Participaron 142 estudiantes, que se estaban preparando en academias de Almería (España) para obtener plaza como maestros en centros públicos. Para la recogida de datos se administraron cuestionarios escritos previamente validados. El diseño fue ex post-facto lineal, con análisis de asociación bivariada, inferenciales (ANOVAs y MANOVAs) y de predicción estructural. Los resultados mostraron una relación negativa entre la ansiedad evaluativa y la autorregulación, especialmente en los estudiantes con alta emocionalidad, con un impacto negativo para la toma de decisiones. También se encontraron relaciones positivas entre la ansiedad evaluativa y las estrategias de afrontamiento del estrés. Por último, se constató la relación de predicción positiva entre la autorregulación y las estrategias de afrontamiento, a la vez que los análisis asociativos e inferenciales destacaron el papel de las metas como determinantes de las estrategias usadas para afrontar el estrés, especialmente, las referidas a la focalización en la resolución de problemas. Se discuten los resultados y se establecen implicaciones para las mejoras de estos procesos en los estudiantes opositores.

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Biografía del autor/a

Jesús de la Fuente, Universidad de Navarra. Universidad de Almería

Facultad de Educación y Psicología. Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona. España

Facultad de Psicología. Universidad de Almería, Almería. España

Citas

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Publicado
25-04-2021
Cómo citar
Amate Romera, J., & de la Fuente, J. (2021). Relaciones entre ansiedad evaluativa, autorregulación y estrategias de afrontamiento del estrés en universitarios opositores. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 37(2), 276-286. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.411131
Número
Sección
Psicología evolutiva y de la educación