Action-Emotion Style, Learning Approach and Coping Strategies, in Undergraduate University Students

  • Jesús de la Fuente Universidad de Almería
  • José Manuel Martínez-Vicente Universidad de Almería
  • José Luis Salmerón Centro Educativo Agave (Almería)
  • Manuel M. Vera Universidad de Granada
  • María Cardelle-Elawar Arizona State Universite West-Education
Keywords: Type-a behavior pattern, learning approach, coping strategies, stress, ex post facto study


Action-Emotion Style (AES) is an affective-motivational construct that describes the achievement motivation that is characteristic of students in their interaction with stressful situations. Using elements from the Type-A Behavior Pattern (TABP), characteristics of competitiveness and overwork occur in different combinations with emotions of impatience and hostility, leading to a classification containing five categories of action-emotion style (Type B, Impatient-hostile type, Medium type, Competitive-Overworking type and Type A). The objective of the present research is to establish how characteristics of action-emotion style relate to learning approach (deep and surface approaches) and to coping strategies (emotion-focused and problem-focused). The sample was composed of 225 students from the Psychology degree program. Pearson correlation analyses, ANOVAs and MANOVAs were used. Results showed that competitiveness-overwork characteristics have a significant positive association with the deep approach and with problem-focused strategies, while impatience-hostility is thus related to surface approach and emotion-focused strategies.  The level of action-emotion style had a significant main effect. The results verified our hypotheses with reference to the relationships between action-emotion style, learning approaches and coping strategies. 


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Author Biographies

Jesús de la Fuente, Universidad de Almería
Catedráctico de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación del Departamento de Psicología de la Universidad de Almería.
José Manuel Martínez-Vicente, Universidad de Almería
Profesor Titular del Departamento de Psicología de la Universidad de Almería.
José Luis Salmerón, Centro Educativo Agave (Almería)
Doctor en Psicología. Orientador del Centro Educativo Agave (Almería)
Manuel M. Vera, Universidad de Granada

Doctor en Psicología por la Universidad de Granada.Profesor Titular del Centro de Magisterio “La Inmaculada” Adscrito a la Universidad de Granada.Secretario General del Consejo General de la Psicología de España. Especialista en Psicología Clínica.Presidente de la Unión Profesional de Granada.Secretario de la Unión Profesional Sanitaria de Málaga

Miembro del Comité Ejecutivo del Consejo Social de la Ciudad de Granada

María Cardelle-Elawar, Arizona State Universite West-Education
Profesora Emérita de Arizona State Universite West-Education (EEUU).


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How to Cite
de la Fuente, J., Martínez-Vicente, J. M., Salmerón, J. L., Vera, M. M., & Cardelle-Elawar, M. (2016). Action-Emotion Style, Learning Approach and Coping Strategies, in Undergraduate University Students. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 32(2), 457-465.
Developmental and Educational Psychology