Effects of an imagery programme on the performance of federated and non-federated Boccia athletes


  • André Amorim Department of Sport Sciences, University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal
  • Bruno Travassos Department of Sport Sciences, University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2165-2687
  • Diogo Monteiro Polytechnique of Leiria, Leiria, Portugal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7179-6814
  • Liliana Baptista Department of Medicine; Division of Gerontology, Geriatrics, and Palliative Care Center for Exercise Medicine, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, EUA. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3534-1839
  • Pedro Duarte-Mendes Sport, Health & Exercise Research Unit, Polytechnic Institute of Castelo Branco, Castelo Branco, Portugal (SHERU) https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5055-2696
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/cpd.498351
Palabras clave: Entrenamiento Mental, Perícia, Boccia, Visualización Mental, Rendimiento


The aim of this study was to compare and evaluate the effects of an imagery (IM) training programme in federated and non-federated Boccia athletes. Twenty-one Boccia athletes participated in this study. At the beginning of the study, and after a period of an 8-week IM training, the athletes’ IM ability (MIQ – 3) and their performance in Boccia tasks (distance to target and distance to coloured ball) were assessed. Data analysis was carried out using non-clinical magnitude-based inferences. The results suggests that, from pre to post test, federated and non-federated athletes had a higher IM score and exhibited an improved performance. The performance levels were influenced by the participants’ level of expertise, with the non-federated athletes revealing higher magnitude of improvement than federated athlete’s. A non-significant correlation was observed between IM and performance. Although the inconsistency of the relationship between IM and performance, the results suggests that IM training enhances the development of IM ability and also motor actions in Boccia athletes.


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Cómo citar
Amorim, A., Travassos, B. ., Monteiro, D. ., Baptista, L. ., & Duarte-Mendes, P. (2022). Effects of an imagery programme on the performance of federated and non-federated Boccia athletes. Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte, 22(3), 68–78. https://doi.org/10.6018/cpd.498351
Psicología del Deporte

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