Análise comportamental da prática de exercício físico em adultos em contexto de ginásio ao longo de dois anos


Palabras clave: ejercicio, adhesión, persistencia, análisis longitudinal, mediación


El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar el comportamiento de los practicantes de ejercicio físico durante dos años, considerando su frecuencia como un predictor de la frecuencia futura. Participaron en este estudio 4788 nuevos practicantes de ejercicio físico (mujeres = 2556) con edades comprendidas entre 18 y 75 años. El acceso a gimnasios y health clubs se recopiló utilizando los sistemas electrónicos. Los datos se analizaron utilizando un modelo de ecuación estructural y un modelo de mediación. En cuanto a la tasa de abandono y posterior exclusión del análisis: 39% abandonó la práctica de ejercicio físico entre los primeros seis meses (T1) y los siguientes seis meses (T2); 25% abandonó la práctica entre T2 y seis meses después de un año de práctica regular (T3); y 10% abandonó entre T3 y seis meses después de un año y medio de práctica regular (T4). Según los resultados del modelo de ecuaciones estructurales, se encontraron varios efectos directos e indirectos significativos, lo que sugiere que T2 y T3 pueden ser mediadores entre T1 y T4. Según los resultados del modelo de mediación, es posible observar que el efecto directo no es significativo. Los resultados muestran la existencia de una mediación total entre el período T1 → T4, ya que el efecto indirecto total es significativo y superior al efecto directo. Las personas que practican ejercicio físico al menos dos veces por semana sin interrupción fueron las que tenían más probabilidades de permanecer en la práctica después de dos años de monitorear su comportamiento.


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Cómo citar
Rodrigues, F. F., Macedo, R., Teixeira, D., Cid, L., & Monteiro, D. (2021). Análise comportamental da prática de exercício físico em adultos em contexto de ginásio ao longo de dois anos. Cuadernos De Psicología Del Deporte, 21(1), 282-292.
Ciencias del Deporte