Functional Movement Screen® evaluation: comparison between elite and non-elite young swimmers

FMS® and performance in swimming

Autores/as

  • Dineia Lucas Department of Sport Sciences, University of Beira Interior, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
  • Henrique Neiva Department of Sport Sciences, University of Beira Interior, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9283-312X
  • Daniel Marinho Department of Sport Sciences, University of Beira Interior, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2351-3047
  • Ricardo Ferraz Department of Sport Sciences, University of Beira Interior, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7530-512X
  • Ivan Rolo Department of Sport Sciences, University of Beira Interior, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
  • Pedro Duarte-Mendes Department of Sports and Well-being Polytechnic Institute of Castelo Branco, 6000-266 Castelo Branco, Portugal https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5055-2696
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/cpd.438401
Palabras clave: Rendimiento de natación, Rendimiento funcional, Nadadores competitivos, Pantalla de movimiento, Jóvenes nadadores

Resumen

Functional Movement Screen® (FMS®) permite evaluar la funcionalidad del movimiento del atleta. La funcionalidad del movimiento en nadadores jóvenes de élite y no élite puede predecir el rendimiento futuro. El propósito de este estudio es comparar las puntuaciones de FMS® entre nadadores jóvenes de élite y no élite, y verificar su relación con el rendimiento de estilo libre de 100 m. Treinta y dos nadadores de élite (edad: 14,99 ± 0,13 años; altura: 1,71 ± 0,02 m; masa corporal: 61,28 ± 1,27 kg; Puntos de la Federación Internacional de Natación [FINA]: 651,59 ± 6,44) y 17 nadadores no élite (edad : 14,65 ± 0,19 años; altura: 165,12 ± 2,03 cm; masa corporal: 57,22 ± 2,43 kg; puntos FINA: 405,71 ± 21,41) se ofrecieron como voluntarios para participar en este estudio transversal. Se consideraron para el análisis los puntajes FMS® de prueba individual, el puntaje compuesto FMS® y los puntos FINA. Los nadadores de élite lograron valores mas elevados en Deep Squat (p = 0.005; ES = 0.99), Right Hurdle Step (p = 0.005; ES = 0.99), Left Hurdle Step (p = 0.002; ES = 1.08), Trunk Stability Push Up (p <0.001 ; ES = 1.44) y puntajes compuestos de FMS® (p <0.001; ES = 1.35) en comparación con nadadores que no son de élite. Las puntuaciones compuestas de FMS® se relacionaron positivamente con el rendimiento de estilo libre de 100 m (r = 0.596, r2 = 40.9%, p <0.001). Los nadadores jóvenes que no son de élite revelan déficits funcionales en tareas que involucran movilidad de caderas, rodillas y tobillos, y estabilización del núcleo y la columna vertebral. Mayor funcionalidad de movimiento está positivamente relacionada con el rendimiento de estilo libre de 100 m. Los entrenadores de natación deben considerar estos déficits y su relación con el rendimiento para diferenciar la prescripción de ejercicio entre estas poblaciones.

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Biografía del autor/a

Dineia Lucas, Department of Sport Sciences, University of Beira Interior, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal

 

  What do you want to do ? New mailCopy   What do you want to do ? New mailCopy

Ivan Rolo, Department of Sport Sciences, University of Beira Interior, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal

 

  What do you want to do ? New mailCopy

Citas

Anderson, B.E., Neumann, M.L., & Bliven, K.C.H. (2015). Functional Movement Screen Differences Between Male and Female Secondary School Athletes. J Strength Cond Res, 29(4),1098-106. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000733.

Barbosa, T., Costa, M., Marinho, D., Queirós, T., Costa, A., & Cardoso, L. (2000). Manual de referência FPN para o ensino e aperfeiçoamento em natação. Lisbon: Federação Portuguesa de Natação. ISBN: 978-989-95747-3-1.

Blache, Y., Gillet, B., Selin, J., Sevrez, V., & Rogowski, I. (2018). Scapular kinematics during scaption in competitive swimmers. European J Sports Sci, 18, 659-666. doi: 10.1080/17461391.2018.1449893.

Bond, D., Goodson, L., Oxford, S., Nevill, A., & Duncan, M. J. (2015). The Association between Anthropometric Variables, Functional Movement Screen Scores and 100 m Freestyle Swimming Performance in Youth Swimmers. Sports, 3(1), 1–11. doi:10.3390/sports3010001.

Bullock, G.S., Brookreson, N., Knab, A.M., & Butler, R. J. (2017). Examining Fundamental Movement Competency and Closed-Chain Upper-Extremity Dynamic Balance in Swimmers. J Strength Cond Res, 31, 1544-1551. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001627.7.

Cid, L., Pires, A., Borrego, C., Duarte-Mendes, P., Teixeira, D., Moutão, J., & Monteiro, D. (2019). Motivational determinants of physical education grades and the intention to practice sport in the future. PLoS ONE, 14(5): e20217218. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0217218

Chorba, R. S., Chorba, D. J., Bouillon, L. E., Overmyer, C. A., & Landis, J. A. (2010). Use of a functional movement screening tool to determine injury risk in female collegiate athletes. N Am J Sports Phys Ther, 5(2),47–54. PMID: 21589661.

Connaboy, C., Naemi, R., Brown, S., Stelios, P., McCabe, C., Coleman, S. et al. (2015). The Key Kinematic Determinants of Undulatory Underwater Swimming at Maximal Velocity. J Sports Sci, 34(11), 1036-1043. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2015.1088162.

Cook, G., Burton, L., Hoogenboom, B. J., & Voight, M. (2014a). Functional Movement Screening: The use of fundamental movements as an assessment of function – Part 1. Int J Sports Phys Ther, 9(3), 296-409. PMID: 24944860.

Cook, G., Burton, L., Hoogenboom, B. J., & Voight M. (2014b). Functional Movement Screening: The use of fundamental movements as an assessment of function – Part 2. Int J Sports Phys Ther, 9(4), 549-563. PMID: 25133083.

Duarte-Mendes, P., Marinho, D., Monteiro, D., Cid, L., Paulo, R., Serrano, J., Petrica, J. (2019). The comparison of Imagery ability in elite, sub-elite and non-elite swimmers. Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte, 19(2), 116-126. ISSN: 1989-5879

FINA Points Table [Internet]. Lousanne: Fédération Internationale de Natation; ©2011 [cited 2011 Mar 28]. http://www.fina.org/content/fina-points.

FINA Rules [Internet]. Lousanne: Fédération Internationale de Natation; ©2018-2020 [cited 2018 Mar 30]. Available from: http://www.fina.org/content/fina-rules.

Garrido, N. D., Silva, A. J., Fernandes, R. J., Barbosa, T. M., Costa, A. M., Marinho, D. A. , et al. (2012). High level swimming performance and its relation to non-specific parameters: a cross-sectional study on maximum handgrip isometric strength. Percept Mot Skills, 114(3), 936-48. doi:10.2466/05.10.25.PMS.114.3.936-948.

Geladas, N. D., Nassis, G. P., & Pavlicevic S. (2005). Somatic and physical traits affecting sprint swimming performance in young swimmers. Int J Sports Med, 26(2), 139-44. doi: 10.1055/s-2004-817862.

Gribble, P. A., Brigle, J., Pietrosimone, B. G., Pfile, K. R., & Webster, K. A. (2013). Intrarater reliability of the functional movement screen. J Strength Cond Res, 27(4), 978–981. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31825c32a8.

Gunay, E., Oğuz, Ü., İsmet, T., & Bediz, C. F. (2017) The Relationship Between Functional Movement Screen and Swimming Performance. Sci Mov Health, 17(2 suppl), 566-570. doi: 10.13140/RG.2.2.24840.32003.

Higson, E., Herrington, L., Butler, C., & Horsley, I. (2018). The short-term effect of swimming training load on shoulder rotational range of motion, shoulder joint position sense and pectoralis minor length. Shoulder Elbow, 10(4), 285-291. doi: 10.1177/1758573218773539.

Hill, L., Collins, M., & Posthumus, M. (2015). Risk factor for shoulder pain and injury in swimmers: A critical systematic review. Phys Sportsmed, 43(4), 412-20. doi: 10.1080/00913847.2015.1077097.

Kerr, Z. Y., Baugh, C. M., Hibberd, E. E., Snool, E. M., Hayden, R., & Dompier, T. P. (2015) Epidemiology of National Collegiate Athletic Association men's and women's swimming and diving injuries from 2009/2010 to 2013/2014. Br J Sports Med, 49(7), 465-71. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2014-094423.

Kiesel, K., Plisky, P. J., & Voight, M. L. (2007). Can serious injury in professional football be predicted by a preseason functional movement screen? N Am J Sports Phys Ther, 2(3), 147–158. PMID: 21522210.

Kiesel, K., Plisky, P., & Butler, R. (2011). Functional Movement test scores following a standardized off-season intervention program in professional football players. Scand J Med Sci Sport, 21(2), 287-292. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.01038.x.

KNZB: Top-level sport and talent development [Internet]. Nieuwegein: Royal Dutch Swimming Federation; ©2020. Available from : https://www.knzb.nl/vereniging__wedstrijdsport/wedstrijdsport/zwemmen/topsport/.

Kraus, K., Schütz, E., Taylor, W.R., & Doyscher, R. (2014). Efficacy of the Functional Movement Screen: A review. J Strength Cond Res, 28(12), 3571–3584. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000556.

Kuzuhara, K., Shibata, M., Iguchi, J., & Uchida, R. (2018). Functional Movements in Japanese Mini-Basketball Players. J Hum Kinet, 61, 53-62. doi: 10.1515/hukin-2017-0128.

Lakens, D. (2013). Calculating and reporting effect sizes to facilitate cumulative science: a practical primer for t-tests and ANOVAs. Front Psychol, 4, 863. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00863.

Marques, V., Medeiros, T., Souza, Z., Nakamura, F., Baroni, B. (2017). The Functional Movement Screen in Elite Young Soccer Players between 14 and 20 years: Composite Score, Individual-test scores and Asymmetries. Int J Sports Phys Ther, 12(6), 977-985. PMID: 29158958.

Minick, K. I., Kiesel, K. B., Burton, L., Taylor, A., Plisky, P., & Butler, R. J. (2010). Interrater reliability of the functional movement screen. J Strength Cond Res, 24(2), 479–486. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181c09c04.

Monteiro, D., Teixeira, D., Travassos, B., Duarte-Mendes, P., Moutão, J., Machado, S., & Cid, L. (2018). Perceived Effort in Football Athletes: The Role of Achievement Goal Theory and Self-Determination Theory. Front. Psychol., 9:1575. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01575

Mokha, M., Sprague, P. A., & Gatens, D. R. (2016). Predicting Musculoskeletal Injury in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division II Athletes from Asymmetries and Individual-Test Versus Composite Functional Movement Screen Scores. J Athl Train ,51(4), 276–282. doi: 10.4085/1062-6050-51.2.07.

Mukaka, M. M. (2012) A guide to appropriate use of Correlation coefficient in medical research. Malawi Med J, 24(3),69-71. PMID: 23638278.

Nicolazakes, C. P., Schneider, D. K., Rower, B., Borchers, J., & Hewett, T. E. (2017). Influence of Body Composition on Functional Movement Screen Scores® in Collegiate Football Players. J Sport Rehabil, 27(5),1-21. doi: 10.1123/jsr.2015-0080.

Okada, T., Huxel, K. C. , & Nesser, T. W. (2011). Relationship between core stability, functional movement, and performance. J Strength Cond Res, 25(1),252-61. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181b22b3e.

Onate, J. A., Dewey, T., Kollock, R. O., Thomas, K. S., Van Lunen, B. L., DeMaio, M., et al. (2012). Real-time intersession and interrater reliability of the functional movement screen. J Strength Cond Res, 26(2), 408–415. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e318220e6fa.

O’Connor, F. G., Deuster, P. A., Davis, J., Pappas, C. G., & Knapik, J. J. (2011). Functional movement screening: Predicting injuries in officer candidates. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 43(12), 2224–2230. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e318223522d.

Post, A. K., Koning, R. H., Visscher, C., & Elferink-Gemser, M. T. (2020). Multigenerational Performance Development of Male and Female Top-Elite Swimmers - A Global Study of the 100m Freestyle Event. Scand J Med Sci Sports 30(3), 564-571. doi: 10.1111/sms.13599.

Silva, B., Clemente, F. M., Camoes, M., & Bezerra, P. (2017). Functional Movement Screen Scores and Physical Performance among Youth Elite Soccer Players. Sports, 5(1), pii: E16. doi: 10.3390/sports5010016.

Teyhen, D. S., Shaffer, S. W., Lorenson, C. L., Halfpap, J. P., Donofry, D. F., Walker, M. J., et al. (2012). The functional movement screen: A reliability study. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 42(6), 530–540. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2012.3838.

Publicado
20-04-2021
Cómo citar
Lucas, D., Neiva, H. ., Marinho, D., Ferraz, R., Rolo, I., & Duarte-Mendes, P. (2021). Functional Movement Screen® evaluation: comparison between elite and non-elite young swimmers: FMS® and performance in swimming. Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte, 21(2), 163-173. https://doi.org/10.6018/cpd.438401
Número
Sección
Ciencias del Deporte