Cómo afectan los sesgos de respuesta a la estructura factorial de los tests basados en el modelo de los Cinco Grandes factores de personalidad

Autores/as

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.33.3.254841
Palabras clave: Modelo de los Cinco Grandes, personalidad, deseabilidad social, aquiescencia, sesgos de respuesta

Resumen

sDiversos estudios muestran que los tests de personalidad pueden verse afectados por los sesgos de respuesta, lo que puede tener consecuencias en su estructura factorial, especialmente en muestras con bajo nivel educativo o adolescentes. El objetivo del presente estudio consiste en determinar cuál es el efecto de la deseabilidad social y la aquiescencia en la estructura factorial de tres cuestionarios basados en el modelo de los Cinco Grandes factores de personalidad: Big Five Inventory, Five Factor Personality Inventory y Overall Personality Assessment Scale. Los datos se analizaron a partir de un nuevo método que elimina los efectos de la deseabilidad social y la aquiescencia de la matriz de correlaciones inter-item utilizada en el análisis factorial. La muestra está compuesta por 392 estudiantes universitarios, por lo que no incluye individuos con bajo nivel educativo, niños o adolescentes. Los resultados indican que, incluso en muestras sin individuos con bajo nivel educativo, controlar la deseabilidad social y la aquiescencia da lugar a una estructura factorial más simple y congruente con la solución teórica esperada a partir del modelo de los Cinco Grandes. Además, los resultados sugieren que en los tests basados en este modelo, este efecto puede ser debido especialmente a la aquiescencia.

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Biografía del autor/a

Fabia Morales-Vives, Research Center for Behavior Assessment. Universitat Rovira i Virgili

Psychology Department

Urbano Lorenzo-Seva, Universitat Rovira i Virgili

Departamento de Psicología

Andreu Vigil-Colet, Universitat Rovira i Virgili

Departamento de Psicología

Citas

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Publicado
21-07-2017
Cómo citar
Morales-Vives, F., Lorenzo-Seva, U., & Vigil-Colet, A. (2017). Cómo afectan los sesgos de respuesta a la estructura factorial de los tests basados en el modelo de los Cinco Grandes factores de personalidad. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 33(3), 589-596. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.33.3.254841
Número
Sección
Psicología clínica y de la salud

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