Variables predictivas de la calidad del sueño en conductores profesionales.

Autores/as

  • María-José Serrano-Fernández Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV, Tarragona, Spain) http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0363-5522
  • Joan Boada-Grau Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV), Tarragona
  • Lluís Robert-Sentís Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV), Tarragona
  • Andreu Vigil-Colet Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV), Tarragona
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.419911
Palabras clave: Conductores profesionales, Calidad del sueño, Salud laboral, Ergonomía, Trastornos psicofisiológicos, Riesgos laborales

Resumen

Antecedentes: Los conductores profesionales suelen padecer problemas para dormir o descansar correctamente. Esto puede deberse a diversos factores tanto personales como específicos de las condiciones laborales. En el presente trabajo nos hemos planteado desarrollar un modelo predictivo sobre la calidad del sueño en conductores profesionales utilizando los indicadores siguientes: Edad, Género, Confort del asiento, suspensión del asiento, Soporte lumbar ajustable del asiento del conductor, Horas de conducción, Problemas musculoesqueléticos, Drivers Stress, Irritación, Personalidad resistente, Burnout, conductas de seguridad e Impulsividad. Método: Los participantes han sido 369 conductores profesionales, de distintos sectores del transporte, obtenidos mediante un muestreo no probabilístico. Se han utilizado el programa SPSS 25.0. Resultados: Se determina la capacidad predictiva de algunas variables que afectan a los conductores sobre la calidad del sueño. Conclusiones: La calidad del sueño se puede predecir a través de determinadas variables, siendo la mejor predictora Exhaustion (Burnout). Esta investigación contribuye a un mayor conocimiento de la calidad del sueño y a la mejora de la salud de los conductores profesionales.

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Biografía del autor/a

María-José Serrano-Fernández, Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV, Tarragona, Spain)

Faculty of Education Sciences and Psychology

Citas

Åkerstedt, T., Knutsson, A., Westerholm, P., Theorell, T., Alfredsson, L., & Kecklund, G. (2002). Sleep disturbances, work stress and work hours. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 53(3), 741–748. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-3999(02)00333-1

Åkerstedt, T., Knutsson, A., Westerholm, P., Theorell, T., Alfredsson, L., & Kecklund, G. (2004). Mental fatigue, work and sleep. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 57(5), 427–433. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2003.12.001

Arias, W. L., Mendoza, L., & Masias, M. A. (2013). Síndrome de Burnout en conductores de transporte público de la ciudad de Arequipa. Revista de Peruana de Psicología y Trabajo Social, 2(2), 111–122.

Bakker, A. B., Demerouti, E., & Euwema, M. C. (2005). Job resources buffer the impact of job demands on burnout. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 10(2), 170–180. https://doi.org/10.1037/1076-8998.10.2.170

Balducci, C., Schaufeli, W. B., & Fraccaroli, F. (2011). The job demands-resources model and counterproductive work behaviour: The role of job-related affect. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 20(4), 467–496. https://doi.org/10.1080/13594321003669061

Basantes, V., Parra, C., Garcia, J., Jo de Carvallo, J., & Garcia, Y. (2017). Evaluación de los riesgos ocupacionales asociados a indicadores bioquímicos en conductores profesionales. Revista Médica Electrónica, 39, 33–42.

Boada-Grau, J., Prizmic-Kuzmica, A.-J., González-Recio, S., & Vigil-Colet, A. (2013). Estresores laborales en conductores de autobuses (ELBus-21): Estructura factorial, fiabilidad y validez. Universitas Psychologica, 12(1), 249–259. https://doi.org/10.11144/JAVERIANA.UPSY12-1.ELCA

Boada-Grau, J., Sánchez-García, J. C., Prizmic-Kuzmica, A. J., & Vigil-Colet, A. (2012). Health and Safety at Work in the Transport Industry (TRANS-18): Factorial Structure, Reliability and Validity. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 15(1), 357–366. https://doi.org/10.5209/rev_SJOP.2012.v15.n1.37342

Bonnet, M. H. (1985). Effect of sleep disruption on sleep, performance, and mood. Sleep, 8(1), 11–19. https://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/8.1.11

Braeckman, L., Verpraet, R., Van Risseghem, M., Pevernagie, D., & De Bacquer, D. (2011). Prevalence and Correlates of Poor Sleep Quality and Daytime Sleepiness in Belgian Truck Drivers. Chronobiology International, 28(2), 126–134. https://doi.org/10.3109/07420528.2010.540363

Castro, J. R. de, Gallo, J., & Loureiro, H. (2004). Cansancio y somnolencia en conductores de ómnibus y accidentes de carretera en el Perú: estudio cuantitativo. Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, 16, 11–18. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892004000700002

Chaiard, J., Deeluea, J., Suksatit, B., & Songkham, W. (2019). Factors Associated with Sleep Quality of Thai Intercity Bus Drivers. Industrial Health, 2018–0168. https://doi.org/10.2486/indhealth.2018-0168

Chen, C., & Xie, Y. (2014). Modeling the safety impacts of driving hours and rest breaks on truck drivers considering time-dependent covariates. Journal of Safety Research, 51, 57–63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2014.09.006

Connor, J., Norton, R., Ameratunga, S., Robinson, E., Civil, I., Dunn, R., … Jackson, R. (2002). Driver sleepiness and risk of serious injury to car occupants: population based case control study. British Medical Journal, 324, 1125–1125. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.324.7346.1125

Couto, M. T., & Lawoko, S. (2011). Burnout, workplace violence and social support among drivers and conductors in the road passenger transport sector in Maputo city, Mozambique. Journal of Occupational Health, 53, 214–221. https://doi.org/10.1539/joh.L10102

da Silva-Júnior, F. P., Nunes de Pinho, R. S., de Mello, M. T., Sales de Bruin, V. M., & Carvalhedo de Buin, P. F. (2009). Risk factors for depression in truck drivers. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 44(2), 125–129. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-008-0412-3

De Pinho, R. S. N., Da Silva-Júnior, F. P., Bastos, J. P. C., Maia, W. S., De Mello, M. T., De Bruin, V. M. S., & De Bruin, P. F. C. (2006). Hypersomnolence and accidents in truck drivers: A cross-sectional study. Chronobiology International, 23(5), 963–971. https://doi.org/10.1080/07420520600920759

Dickman, S. J. (1990). Functional and dysfunctional impulsivity: Personality and cognitive correlates. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58(1), 95–102. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.58.1.95

Diez, J. J., Vigo, D. E., Lloret, S. P., Rigters, S., Role, N., Cardinali, D. P., & Chada, D. P. (2011). Sleep habits, alertness, cortisol levels, and cardiac autonomic activity in short-distance bus drivers: Differences between morning and afternoon shifts. Journal of

Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 53(7), 806–811. https://doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0b013e318221c6de

Evans, G. W. (1994). Working on the hot seat: Urban bus operators. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 26(2), 181–193. https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-4575(94)90088-4

Filtness, A. J., Anund, A., Fors, C., Ahlström, C., Åkerstedt, T., & Kecklund, G. (2014). Sleep-related eye symptoms and their potential for identifying driver sleepiness. Journal of Sleep Research, 23(5), 568–575. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.12163

Fletcher, A., & Dawson, D. (2001). Field-based validations of a work-related fatigue model based on hours of work. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 4(1), 75–88. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1369-8478(01)00015-8

Gala, F. J., Lupiani, M., Guillén, C., Gómez, A., Lupiani, N., & Roa, J. M. (2003). El sueño normal: perspectivas actuales. Cuadernos de Medicina Psicosomática y Psiquiatria de Enlace, 67(68), 7–19.

Göbel, M., Springer, J., & Scherff, J. (1998). Stress and strain of short haul bus drivers: Psychophysiology as a design oriented method for analysis. Ergonomics, 41(5), 563–580. https://doi.org/10.1080/001401398186757

Gómez-Ortiz, V., Cendales, B., Useche, S., & Bocarejo, J. P. (2018). Relationships of working conditions, health problems and vehicle accidents in bus rapid transit (BRT) drivers. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 61(4), 336–343. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22821

Gosselin, A., De Koninck, J., & Campbell, K. B. (2005). Total sleep deprivation and novelty processing: Implications for frontal lobe functioning. Clinical Neurophysiology, 116(1), 211–222. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2004.07.033

Greiner, B. A., Krause, N., Ragland, D. R., & Fisher, J. M. (1998). Objective stress factors, accidents, and absenteeism in transit operators: a theoretical framework and empirical evidence. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 3(2), 130–146. https://doi.org/10.1037/1076-8998.3.2.130

Hair, J., Anderson, R., Tatham, R., & Black, W. (1999). Analysis Multivariante (5th ed.). Madrid: Pearson Education.

Hernández, R., Fernández, C., & Baptista, P. (2004). Metodología de la Investigación. México: McGraw-Hill Interamericana.

Hilton, M. F., Staddon, Z., Sheridan, J., & Whiteford, H. A. (2009). The impact of mental health symptoms on heavy goods vehicle drivers’ performance. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 41(3), 453–461. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2009.01.012

Hinton, P. R., McMurray, I., & Brownlow, C. (2014). Statistics explained. México: Mc Graw Hill.

Kecklund, G., & Åkerstedt, T. (2004). Apprehension of the subsequent working day is associated with a low amount of slow wave sleep. Biological Psychology, 66(2), 169–176. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2003.10.004

Kerlinger, F. N., & Lee, H. B. (2004). Investigacion del Comportamiento. Métodos de investigación en ciencias sociales. México: McGraw Hill.

Kobasa, S. C. (1979). Personality and resistance to illness. American Journal of Community Psychology, 7(4), 413–423. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00894383

Kobasa, S. C. (1982). The hardy personality: Toward a social psychology of stress and health. In G. S. Sanders & J. Sals (Eds.), Social psychology of health and illness (pp. 3–32). Hillsdale, NJ: Laurence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Lyznicki, J. M., Doege, T. C., Davis, R. M., & Williams, M. A. (1998). Sleepiness, driving, and motor vehicle crashes. Journal of the American Medical Association, 279(23), 1908–1913. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.279.23.1908

McVicar, A. (2003). Workplace stress in nursing: A literature review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 44(6), 633–642. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.0309-2402.2003.02853.x

Meijman, T., de Vries-Griever, A., & de Vries, G. (1988). The evaluation of the Groningen Sleep Quality Scale. Groningen: Heymans Bulletin, HB 88-13-EX.

Merino, E., Carbonero, M. Á., Moreno-Jiménez, B., & Morante, M. E. (2006). La Escala de Irritación como instrumento de evaluación del estrés laboral. [Irritation: Analysis of an instrument to assess stress at work]. Psicothema, 18, 419–424. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17296066

Miró, E., & Buela-Casal, G. (2005). Sueño, estrés y trabajo. In J. L. Arco (Ed.), Estrés y trabajo: cómo hacerlos compatibles (pp. 87–115). Sevilla: Junta de Andalucía, Consejería de Justicia y Administración Pública.

Mohr, A. (1986). Die Durchsetzung der Politikwissenschaft an deutschen Hochschulen und die Entwicklung der Deutschen Vereinigung für Politische Wissenschaft. In Politikwissenschaft in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (pp. 62–77). Wiesbaden: VS

Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-663-11075-0_4

Mohr, G., Rigotti, T., Müller, A., Tschan, F., & Aycan, Z. (2006). The Assessment of Psychological Strain in Work Contexts. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 22(3), 198–206. https://doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759.22.3.198

Moreno-Jiménez, B., González, J. L., & Garrosa, E. (2001). Desgaste profesional (burnout), Personalidad y Salud percibida. In J. Buendía & F. Ramos (Eds.), Empleo, estrés y salud. (pp. 59–83). Madrid: Pirámide. https://doi.org/10.1157/13073416

Moya-Albiol, L., Serrano, M. A., González-Bono, E., Rodríguez-Alarcón, G., & Salvador, A. (2005). Respuesta psicofisiológica del stress en una jornada laboral. Psycothema, 17(2), 205–211. Retrieved from https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=1128134

Muñoz-Escobar, F. D. (2018). Fatiga, somnolencia y accidentabilidad en conductores de buses interurbanos. (Thesis). Universidad de Concepción, Los Ángeles (Chile).

Olivares, V. E., Jélvez, C., Mena, L., & Lavarello, J. (2013). Estudios sobre Burnout y Carga Mental en Conductores del Transporte Público de Chile (Transantiago). Ciencia & Trabajo, 15(48), 173–178. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-24492013000300011

Philip, P. (2006). Sleepiness of Occupational Drivers. Industrial Health, 43(1), 30–33. https://doi.org/10.2486/indhealth.43.30

Rayo, V., Arias, É., Álvarez, E., & Salas, C. (2007). Especificaciones Especificaciones Ergonómicas para el Diseño Dimensional de la Cabina de Conductor de Autobús Urbano. In 5th International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention.

Razavi, T. (2001). Self-report measures: An overview of concerns and limitations of questionnaire use in occupational stress research [monograph]. University of 117 Southampton, UK. Accounting and Management Science.

Robb, M. J. M., & Mansfield, N. J. (2007). Self-reported musculoskeletal problems amongst professional truck drivers. Ergonomics, 50(6), 814–827. https://doi.org/10.1080/00140130701220341

Robert-Sentís, L. (2016). Salud laboral en conductores profesionales del transporte por carretera [Occupational health of professional road transport drivers]. (Doctoral thesis not published). Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona (Spain).

Sabbagh-Ehrlich, S., Friedman, L., & Richter, E. D. (2005). Working conditions and fatigue in professional truck drivers at Israeli ports. Injury Prevention, 11(2), 110–114. https://doi.org/10.1136/ip.2004.007682

Salanova, M., Schaufeli, W. B., Llorens, S., Peiró, J. M., & Grau, R. (2000). Desde el” burnout” al” Engagement” ¿una nueva perspectiva? Revista de Psicologia Del Trabajo y de Las Organizaciones, 16(2), 117–134.

Sanchez, J. B. (2016). Adaptación del inventario de Burnout de Maslach en conductores de dos empresas de transporte del distrito de San Juan de Lurigancho. (Thesis not published). Universidad César Vallejo, Lima (Perú).

Santos, J. A., & Lu, J. L. (2016). Occupational safety conditions of bus drivers in Metro Manila, the Philippines. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 22(4), 508–513. https://doi.org/10.1080/10803548.2016.1151700

Serrano-Fernández, M. J., Boada-Grau, J., Robert-Sentís, L., Boada-Cuerva, M., Assens-Serra, J., & Vigil-Colet, A. (2018). Trans Driver Stress scale (TDS-15): Short scale for stress detection in professional drivers. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 58, 807–815. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2018.07.010

Serrano-Fernández, M. J., Boada-Grau, J., Robert-Sentís, L., Boada-Cuerva, M., Vigil-Colet, A., & Assens-Serra, J. (n.d.). Spanish adaptation of the Groningen Sleep Quality Scale (GSQS-8).

Sunwoo, J. S., Hwangbo, Y., Kim, W. J., Chu, M. K., Yun, C. H., & Yang, K. I. (2017). Sleep characteristics associated with drowsy driving. Sleep Medicine, 40, 4–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2017.08.020

Taylor, A. H., & Dorn, L. (2006). Stress, fatigue, health, and risk of road traffic accidents among professional drivers: The Contribution of Physical Inactivity. Annual Review of Public Health, 27(1), 371–391. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.27.021405.102117

Tse, J. L. M., Flin, R., & Mearns, K. (2006). Bus driver well-being review: 50 years of research. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 9(2), 89–114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2005.10.002

Useche, S., Ortiz, V. G., & Cendales, B. E. (2017). Stress-related psychosocial factors at work, fatigue, and risky driving behavior in bus rapid transport (BRT) drivers. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 104, 106–114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2017.04.023

Van de Ven, B., van den Tooren, M., & Vlerick, P. (2013). Emotional job resources and emotional support seeking as moderators of the relation between emotional job demands and emotional exhaustion: A two-wave panel study. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 18(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0030656

van der Ploeg, E., & Kleber, R. J. (2003). Acute and chronic job stressors among ambulance personnel: predictors of health symptoms. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 60(suppl 1), 40–46. https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.60.suppl_1.i40

Publicado
25-04-2021
Cómo citar
Serrano-Fernández, M.-J., Boada-Grau, J., Robert-Sentís, L., & Vigil-Colet, A. (2021). Variables predictivas de la calidad del sueño en conductores profesionales. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 37(2), 393-402. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.419911
Número
Sección
Psicología del tráfico y de la seguridad vial

Artículos más leídos del mismo autor/a

1 2 > >>