RTC-11: Adaptation of the Resistance to Change Scale in two countries

  • Maria Boada-Cuerva Universitat Rovira i Virgili Facultad de Economía y Empresa, Reus
  • Joan Boada-Grau Universitat Rovira i Virgili Facultad de CCEE y Psicología, Tarragona
  • Aldo Javier Prizmic-Kuzmica Pontificia Universidad Católica Argentina, Buenos Aires
  • Natalia Gimena de Diego Pontificia Universidad Católica Argentina, Buenos Aires
  • Andreu Vigil-Colet Universitat Rovira i Virgili Facultad de CCEE y Psicología, Tarragona
Keywords: Resistance to Change Scale, evaluation, scale, Spanish adaptation, cross-cultural.


Background: Resistance to change is the tendency to resist or avoid making changes; in addition, change is perceived as aversive. Resistance to change is a professional competence that can be evaluated. Objective: To adapt from the original English into Spanish the Resistance to Change Scale (RTC) by Oreg (2003) in two countries, Spain and Argentina. Method: The participants were 482 employed workers from Spain (Study 1) and 171 managers from Argentina (Study 2). Results: The results are presented in two studies and an unifactorial structure is demonstrated after exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) are performed. The factor obtained has adequate reliability and evidence of validity is also confirmed if some external correlates and certain scales dealing with pro/anti-change behaviors, self-efficacy, the hardy personality and impulsivity are taken as references. Conclusions: This scale could be an ideal instrument for correctly identifying RTC and it can be used as a screening tool in combination with other instruments.


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How to Cite
Boada-Cuerva, M., Boada-Grau, J., Prizmic-Kuzmica, A. J., de Diego, N. G., & Vigil-Colet, A. (2018). RTC-11: Adaptation of the Resistance to Change Scale in two countries. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 34(2), 360-367. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.34.2.286721
Social and Organizational Psychology