The use of relaxation techniques in a clinic of psychology

  • Carmen Blanco Clínica Universitaria de Psicología. Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • Francisco J. Estupiñá Departamento de Psicología Clínica, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • Francisco J. Labrador 1 Clínica Universitaria de Psicología. Universidad Complutense de Madrid 2 Departamento de Psicología Clínica, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • Ignacio Fernández-Arias 1 Clínica Universitaria de Psicología. Universidad Complutense de Madrid 2 Departamento de Psicología Clínica, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • Mónica Bernardo-de-Quirós 2 Departamento de Psicología Clínica, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • Laura Gómez 1 Clínica Universitaria de Psicología. Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Abstract

The aim of this study is to identify the use of relaxation techniques (RT) in a clinical context. It presents a general analysis of all relaxation techniques and its frequency of use. It is included a specific analysis depending on the diagnosis and its relationship with the results of the treatment in a sample of 880 patients from the Complutense University Clinic of Psychology. The average age is 32.79 years old, 67.2% are women, and there is almost every kind of diagnosis. The results show that RT have been used in 70.5% of the cases, and the Breathing training was the most used (72.3%). RT are used particularly on anxiety disorders (87.8%), somatoform disorders (84.2%) and impulse control disorders (77.8%). Also the results showed that RT were used more in patients with comorbid disorders (82.4% versus 68%). Patients who used Progressive Relaxation training and Breathing training had similar percentages of discharges, around 69%, compared with non relaxation training 58.1%.The benefits of using RT are discussed and its use in different psychological disorders.

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Author Biographies

Carmen Blanco, Clínica Universitaria de Psicología. Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Psicologa Residente en la Clinica Universitaria de Psicologia
Francisco J. Estupiñá, Departamento de Psicología Clínica, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Psicólogo y Coordinador Asistencial en la Clínica Universitaria de Psicología de la U.C.M.
Francisco J. Labrador, 1 Clínica Universitaria de Psicología. Universidad Complutense de Madrid 2 Departamento de Psicología Clínica, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Catedrático de Modificación de Conducta en la U.C.M.
Ignacio Fernández-Arias, 1 Clínica Universitaria de Psicología. Universidad Complutense de Madrid 2 Departamento de Psicología Clínica, Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Psicólogo y Coordinador Asistencial en la Clínica Universitaria de Psicología de la U.C.M.
Mónica Bernardo-de-Quirós, 2 Departamento de Psicología Clínica, Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Dra. Departamento de PERSONALIDAD, EVALUACIÓN Y TRATAMIENTO PSICOLÓGICO I (PERSONALIDAD, EVALUACIÓN Y PSICOLOGÍA CLÍNICA. Universidad Complutense de Madrid

 

Laura Gómez, 1 Clínica Universitaria de Psicología. Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Psicologa Residente en la Clinica Universitaria de Psicologia

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Published
07-04-2014
How to Cite
Blanco, C., Estupiñá, F. J., Labrador, F. J., Fernández-Arias, I., Bernardo-de-Quirós, M., & Gómez, L. (2014). The use of relaxation techniques in a clinic of psychology. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 30(2), 403-411. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.30.2.158451
Section
Clinical and Health Psychology