MOTIVATIONAL PROFILES IN LOCAL SPORT CENTERS

  • Álvaro Sicilia Camacho
  • Cornelio Águila Soto
  • José Mª Muyor Rodríguez
  • Antonio Orta Cantón
  • Juan Antonio Moreno Murcia
Keywords: Physical activity, sport centers, motivational profiles, self-determination theory, achievement goal theory

Abstract

The purpose of this paper was to detect motvational profiles in local sport centres. Based on self-determination theory (Deci y Ryan, 1985, 1995, 2001) and the Vallerand’s integrated proposals (1997, 2001), it was expected that at least two motivational profiles would emerge: a self-determined profile and a conditioned motivationally profile toward physi-cal activity. In order to reach the purpose of this study, questionnaires were administered to 727 users, aged between 14 and 78 years, from two local sport centers.
A cluster analysis produced two motivational profiles which were rep-licated in the second sport center. The first cluster was named the ‘self-determined profile’ because the users reported higher level of self-determined motivation, perception of task-involving climate, incremental belief, perceived competence and perception of autotelic experience than the second of motivational profiles. The second cluster was named the ‘conditioned motivationally profile’, with a higher external motivation and desmotivation than the first one and also higher scores on perception of ego-involving climate and entity belief. Furthermore, a chi square analysis showed that the formation of both profiles were widely determined by the user’s previous practice in physical activity. The results demonstrate the importance of developing competence, incremental belief and self-determination, as it was associated with high level of perceived autotelic experience and other adaptative patterns which empowerment the adher-ence to physical activity.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Álvaro Sicilia Camacho
Universidad de Almería (España)
Cornelio Águila Soto
Universidad de Almería (España)
José Mª Muyor Rodríguez
Universidad de Almería (España)
Antonio Orta Cantón
Universidad de Almería (España)
Juan Antonio Moreno Murcia
Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche (España)
How to Cite
Sicilia Camacho, Álvaro, Águila Soto, C., Muyor Rodríguez, J. M., Orta Cantón, A., & Moreno Murcia, J. A. (1). MOTIVATIONAL PROFILES IN LOCAL SPORT CENTERS. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 25(1), 160-168. Retrieved from https://revistas.um.es/analesps/article/view/71621
Section
Sport Psychology