Exploração de um modelo de segunda ordem da Versão Portuguesa da Basic Psychological Needs in Exercise Scale (BPNESp): validade do constructo e invariância

  • Luis Cid Escola Superior de Desporto de Rio Maior - Instituto Politécnico de Santarém; Centro de Investigação em Desporto, Saúde e Desenvolvimento Humano https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8156-3291
  • Filipe Rodrigues Escola Superior de Desporto de Rio Maior - Instituto Politécnico de Santarém; Centro de Investigação em Desporto, Saúde e Desenvolvimento Humano https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1327-8872
  • Diogo Santos Teixeira Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias - Faculdade de Educação Física e Desporto; Centro de Investigação em Desporto, Saúde e Desenvolvimento Humano https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4587-5903
  • José Alves Escola Superior de Desporto de Rio Maior - Instituto Politécnico de Santarém; Centro de Investigação em Desporto, Saúde e Desenvolvimento Humano https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9779-952X
  • Sérgio Machado Laboratório de Neurociência da Atividade Física, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Atividade Física, Universidade Salgado de Oliveira, Niterói, Brasil https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8946-8467
  • Eric Murillo-Rodríguez Laboratory of Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences School of Medicine. Division of Health Sciences Anahuac Mayab University. Mérida, Yucatán. México https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9307-3783
  • Diogo Monteiro Escola Superior de Desporto de Rio Maior (ESDRM-IPSANTAREM) https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7179-6814
Palabras clave: Análisis factorial confirmatorio; teoría de la autodeterminación; ejercicio; necesidades psicológicas básicas; modelo de invariancia de segundo orden

Resumen

O objetivo do presente estudo consistiu em analisar as propriedades psicométricas das versão portuguesa do Basic Psychological Needs Exercise Scale, testar um modelo de segunda ordem que represente as três necessidades psicológicas básicas, bem como analisar a invariância do modelo de medida de primeira e segunda ordem. Participaram neste estudo 550 sujeitos de ambos os géneros (264 femininos; 286 masculinos), com idades compreendidas entre os 14 e os 69 anos (M=30.0; SD=10.2) praticantes de exercício físico em ginásios ou health clubs de diversas atividades. Os resultados revelaram que o instrumento possui validade de constructo (validade fatorial, convergente e discriminante), fiabilidade compósita e revelou ainda ser invariante em função do género, e atividades praticadas no contexto ginásio (musculação, cardiofitness e musculação), tanto para o modelo de 1ª como de 2ª ordem. Em suma, as evidências encontradas no presente estudo, confirmam a validade e dão suporte à utilização sem reservas da versão Portuguesa da BPNESp para a avaliação das necessidades psicológicas básicas (individualmente ou através de um índice global) em investigações futuras no domínio do exercício

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Publicado
15-04-2020
Cómo citar
Cid, L., Rodrigues, F., Santos Teixeira, D., Alves, J., Machado, S., Murillo-Rodríguez, E., & Monteiro, D. (2020). Exploração de um modelo de segunda ordem da Versão Portuguesa da Basic Psychological Needs in Exercise Scale (BPNESp): validade do constructo e invariância. Cuadernos De Psicología Del Deporte, 20(2), 95-111. https://doi.org/10.6018/cpd.407391
Sección
Psicología del Deporte