En busca de una explicación del Efecto Secuencial de Compatibilidad


  • Jesús Privado Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • Juan Botella Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
  • Manuel Suero Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
  • Mª Ángeles Quiroga Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • Roberto Colom
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.31.2.173071
Palabras clave: Control atencional, conflicto cognitivo, efecto de compatibilidad, efecto secuencial de compatibilidad


Se estudia la modulación del Efecto de Compatibilidad (EC) según la compatibilidad del ensayo previo (Efecto Secuencial de Compatibilidad, ESC) en tres tipos de tareas atencionales, flancos verbal, flancos numérico y Stroop espacial, modeladas a partir de Gratton et al., (1992). Las tareas de flancos y Stroop espacial presentan diferente complejidad cognitiva. Se analiza en estas tareas si la modulación del EC está matizada por la repetición de estímulos exactamente iguales consecutivos (puras réplicas) o es independiente de ésta. Se registran datos de tres muestras independientes (Ntotal = 1.159) para averiguar si los resultados logran reproducirse. Se observa EC para las tres tareas atencionales, pero sólo hay ESC en la tarea de Stroop espacial. El efecto se mantiene después de eliminar del análisis los ensayos que son puras réplicas, un resultado inconsistente con las propuestas de Mayr et al. (2003) y Hommel (1998) pero congruente con la Teoría del Conflicto (Botvinick et al., 2001). Además, se analiza la importancia de la complejidad cognitiva en relación a la perspectiva de Botvinick et al. (2004). Desde este punto de vista  una mayor complejidad se debería reflejar en una mayor presencia de conflicto cognitivo, y, por tanto, un mayor ESC.


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Biografía del autor/a

Jesús Privado, Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Facultad dePsicología. Departamento de Metodología de las Ciencias del Comportamiento,Campus de Somosaguas, 28223 – Pozuelo de Alarcón, Madrid, Spain.


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Cómo citar
Privado, J., Botella, J., Suero, M., Quiroga, M. Ángeles, & Colom, R. (2015). En busca de una explicación del Efecto Secuencial de Compatibilidad. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 31(2), 687–696. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.31.2.173071
Psicología cognitiva

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