Effects of assisted training with neurofeedback on EEG measures, executive function and mood in a sample from normal population

  • Milena Vasquez Universidad de Valencia
  • Marien Gadea Universidad de Valencia
  • Evelio Garijo Universidad de Valencia
  • Marta Aliño Universidad de Valencia
  • Alicia Salvador Universidad de Valencia
Keywords: Neurofeedback, EEG, Executive Function, Iowa Gambling Test, Mood, PANAS, theta rhythm, beta rhythm.


Training in neurofeedback (NF) is to teach individuals to modify, adjust and enhance their brain activity pattern. The aim of our research was to evaluate the effect of training on cognitive processes, specifically executive function, and affect in a non-clinical sample. A sample of 30 female college students were assigned to three groups: HD: right hemisphere (n = 10), HI: left hemisphere (n = 10) and control (n = 10). The dominance pattern of beta and the inhibition of the theta pattern were trained in a single session. Measures of executive function (Iowa Gambling Test) and questionnaires of mood (PANAS and POMS) were taken pre and post training. We found that NF training produced significant positive changes in executive performance in the HD group. In the EEG a tendency to improve the beta wave after the training emerged too. Additionally, significant correlations were found between executive performance and negative affect relative to theta frequency band. We conclude that the protocol seems effective to enhance some aspects of executive function as well as to decrease the theta waves favors the reduction of negative affect.

Author Biographies

Milena Vasquez, Universidad de Valencia
Departamento de Psicobiología
Facultad de Psicología
Universidad de Valencia
Avda Blasco Ibañez, 21. CP 46010
Marien Gadea, Universidad de Valencia

Titular de Universidad

Departamento de Psicobiología

Facultad de Psicología

Universidad de Valencia

Avda Blasco Ibañez, 21 CP 46010

Evelio Garijo, Universidad de Valencia
Departamento de Psicobiología
Facultad de Psicología
Universidad de Valencia
Avda Blasco Ibañez, 21. CP 46010
Marta Aliño, Universidad de Valencia
Departamento de Psicobiología
Facultad de Psicología
Universidad de Valencia
Avda Blasco Ibañez, 21. CP 46010
Alicia Salvador, Universidad de Valencia
Catedrática de Universidad
Departamento de Psicobiología
Facultad de Psicología
Universidad de Valencia
Avda Blasco Ibañez, 21. CP 46010


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How to Cite
Vasquez, M., Gadea, M., Garijo, E., Aliño, M., & Salvador, A. (2014). Effects of assisted training with neurofeedback on EEG measures, executive function and mood in a sample from normal population. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 31(1), 317-323. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.31.1.167241