Características del trabajo y salud ocupaciona: validación y propuesta de una versión abreviada del Work Design Questionnaire

Autores/as

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.480481
Palabras clave: Características del trabajo, Work Design Questionnaire, Invarianza de género, Salud ocupacional, Versión abreviada, Validación

Resumen

El interés por el estudio de las características del trabajo para explicar cómo la relación de un individuo con el entorno laboral puede conducir a respuestas desadaptativas ha cobrado una importancia renovada a la luz de la creciente preocupación por el desarrollo de organizaciones saludables y por la diversidad organizacional. Este estudio tiene como objetivo desarrollar una versión abreviada del Work Design Questionnaire (WDQ) con el fin de facilitar su uso e interpretación en este contexto. Las propiedades psicométricas de este cuestionario reducido se probaron en una muestra multisectorial de trabajadores en España. Para ello, aplicamos el cuestionario a una muestra de 500 trabajadores y analizamos la relación entre las carácterísiticas del trabajo y las variables seleccionadas de salud ocupacional (satisfacción, bienestar y agotamiento emocional). Los resultados mostraron una fiabilidad y una validez orientada al criterio adecuadas para la versión abreviada del WDQ, esto es, el WDQ18-S, así como evidencia de invarianza factorial de género. Posteriormente se discuten los resultados y sus implicaciones para el uso del WDQ en el ámbito aplicado e investigador de la salud ocupacional y la prevención de riesgos laborales.

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Publicado
01-01-2022
Cómo citar
García Izquierdo, A. L., & Castaño Pérez, A. M. (2022). Características del trabajo y salud ocupaciona: validación y propuesta de una versión abreviada del Work Design Questionnaire. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 38(1), 149–162. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.480481
Número
Sección
Psicología social y de las organizaciones