Temperamento difícil y desajuste social en la niñez: El papel mediador del ambiente familiar

Autores/as

  • Ester Ato Lozano Universidad de Murcia
  • María Dolores Galián Conesa Universidad de Murcia
  • María Angeles Fernández-Vilar Universidad de Murcia
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.414241
Palabras clave: Temperamento difícil, Ajuste marital, Prácticas parentales, Desajuste social, Mediación

Resumen

El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar el papel mediador del ambiente familiar en la relación entre temperamento difícil y problemas externalizantes/internalizantes en una muestra de 474 niños españoles de entre 6 y 8 años. Un segundo objetivo fue analizar el efecto del género en el patrón de mediación encontrado. Para la medida de los problemas externalizantes/internalizantes, el ajuste marital, las prácticas parentales y el temperamento del niño los padres cumplimentaron la Batería de Socialización (BAS-1), el Test de Ajuste Marital (MAT) y la versión española del Cuestionario de Temperamento en la niñez intermedia (TMCQ). El análisis de mediación probado confirmó el efecto de mediación del ajuste marital y las prácticas parentales de implicación y disciplina en la relación entre temperamento difícil y problemas externalizantes, y el efecto de mediación del ajuste marital y la implicación parental en la relación entre temperamento y difícil y problemas internalizantes. Por otro lado, los resultados apuntaron un patrón de mediación diferente cuando comparamos a niños y niñas. En concreto, encontramos que el efecto de mediación del ajuste marital y la implicación parental fue más fuerte en niños que en niñas.

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Publicado
05-08-2020
Cómo citar
Ato Lozano, E., Galián Conesa, M. D., & Fernández-Vilar, M. A. (2020). Temperamento difícil y desajuste social en la niñez: El papel mediador del ambiente familiar. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 36(3), 492-502. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.414241
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Sección
Psicología evolutiva y de la educación

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