Risk factors associated with substance use in female victims of abuse living in a context of poverty

  • Esther Rivas Rivero Universidad de Alcalá
  • Enrique Bonilla, EB Universidad de Alcalá de Henares (Spain) https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1667-1880
  • Jose Juan Vázquez Universidad de Alcalá de Henares
Keywords: Alcohol, Drogas, Violencia de género, Sucesos vitales estresantes, Nicaragua


The work analyzes the relationship between the suffering of stressful life events and the excessive consumption of alcohol and drugs in 136 women victims of gender violence in Nicaragua. The data was obtained from a heteroapplied structured interview designed for this purpose, which collects stressful life events suffered by the victims throughout their lives. The results show that those who suffered different episodes of violence since childhood consumed alcohol and drugs in excess. In addition, the greatest predictor for alcohol and drug use is among those who suffered sexual abuse before age 18. On the other hand, the Odds Ratio analyzes indicate an increased risk for the consumption of substances when the abuse occurred at an early age. Despite the relevance for the health of the victims, there are few devices in Nicaragua with which to assist victims of gender violence towards recovery processes, especially for those who have developed coping strategies related to excessive substance use.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Jose Juan Vázquez, Universidad de Alcalá de Henares

Universidad de Alcalá de Henares


Arriagada, I. (2005). Dimensiones de la pobreza y políticas desde una perspectiva de género. Revista de la CEPAL, 85, 101-113
Breading, M.J., Black, M.C. y Ryan, G.W. (2008). Chronic disease and health risk behaviours associated with intimate partner violence-18 U.S. States/territories, 2005. Annals of Epidemiology, 18, 538-544. Doi: https://www.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2008.02.005.
Brugha, T.S. y Cragg, D. (1990). The List of Threatening Experiences: The reliability and validity of a brief life events questionnaire. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 82, 77-81.
Caldenty, C., Tirado-Muñoz, J., Ferrer, T., Fonseca, F., Rossi, P., Mestre-Pintó, J.I. y Torrens, M. (2017). Intimate partner violence among female drug users admitted to the general hospital screeming and prevalence. Adicciones, 29(3), 172-179. Doi: https://www.doi.org/10.20882/adicciones.738.
Chaudhury, S., Goel, D.S. y Singh, H. (2006). Psychological effects of low intensity conflict operations. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 48(4), 223-231. Doi: https://www.doi.org/10.4103/0019-5545.31553.
Cuijpers, P. Smith, F., Unger, F., Stikkelbroek, Y., Ten Have, M. y Graaf, R. (2011). The disease burden of childhood adversities in adults: a population-based study. Child Abuse and Neglect, 35(11), 937-945. Doi: https://www.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2011.06.005.
DÁngelo, A. y Molina, Y. (2010). Acceso a la justicia para mujeres en situación de violencia: El caso de Ciudad Sandino en Nicaragua. En N. Jubb (coord.) (2010). Comisaría de la mujer en América Latina: una puerta para detener la violencia y acceder a la justicia. Quito: Centro de Planificación de Estudios sociales (CEPLAES).
Devries, K.M., Child, J.C., Bacchus, L.J., Mak, J., Falde, G., Graham, K., …, Heise, L. (2014). Intimate Partner Violence victimization and alcohol consumption in women: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Addiction, 109, 379-391. Doi: https://www.doi.org/10.1111/add.12393.
Echeburúa, E. y Corral, P. (2006). Emotional consequences in victims of sexual abuse in childhod. Cuadernos de Medicina Forense, 12(43-44), 75-82.
Ellsberg, M.C., Peña, R., Herrera, A., Liljestrand, J. y Winkvist, A. (1999). Wife abuse among women of childbearing age in Nicaragua. American Journal of Public Health, 89, 241-244.
Feingold, A., Washburn, I.J., Tiberio, S.S. y Capaldi, D.M. (2015). Changes in the association of heavy drinking and drugs use with intimate partner violence in early adulthood. Journal of Family Violence, 30, 27-34. Doi: https://www.doi.org/10.1007/s10896-014-9658-6.
Finkelhor, D. (1999). Victimología infantil. En J. Sanmartín (Ed.), Violencia contra niños (pp. 149-218). Barcelona: Ariel.
Golding, J.M. (1999). Intimate partner violence as a risk factor for mental disorders: A meta-analysis. Journal of Family Violence, 14, 99-132. Doi: https://www.doi.org/10.1023/A:1022079418229
Heim, C., Newport, D.J. , Heit, S. , Graham, Y.P. , Wilcox, M. , Bonsall, R. , Miller, A.H. y,Nemeroff, C.B . (2000). Pituitary-adrenal and autonomic responses to stress in women after sexual and physical abuse in childhood. Journal American Medical association, 284(5), 592-597. Doi: https://www.doi.org/10.1001/jama.284.5.592
Howard, D. E. y Wang, M. Q. (2003). Risk profiles of adolescent girls who were victims of dating violence. Adolescence, 38, 1-14.
Jose, B.S., Oers, H.A., Mheen, H.D., Garretsen, H.F. y Mackenbach, J.P. (2000). Stressors and alcohol consumption, Alcohol and Alcoholis, 35(3), 307-312. Doi: https://www.doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/35.3.307
Kreiter, S., Krowchuk, D. P., Woods, C. R., Sinal, S. H., Lawless, M. R. y Durant, R. H. (1999). Gender differences in risk behaviors among adolescents who experience date figthing. Pediatrics, 104(6), 1286- 1292.
Larraín, S.H. y Bascunan, C.D. (2008). Maltrato infantil y relaciones familiares en Chile. Análisis comparativo 1994-2000-2006. Revista Chilena de Pediatría, 79(1), 64-79. Doi: https://www.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062008000700011
Lloréns, R., Morales, E., De Vicente, T. y Calatayud, M.D. (2002). Estrés post-traumático y adicciones. Adicciones, 14(4), 487-490. Doi: https://www.doi.org/10.20882/adicciones.477
Nelson, E.C. , Heath, A.C. , Madden, P.A. , Cooper, M.L. , Dinwiddie, S.H. , Bucholz, K.K. , Glowinski, A. … y Martin, N.G . (2002). Association between self-reported childhood sexual abuse and adverse psychosocial outcomes: results from a twin study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 59(2), 139-145. Doi: https://www.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.59.2.139
Nogerol, V. (1997). Aspectos psicológicos del abuso sexual infantil. En J. Casado, J.A. Díaz y C. Martínez (Eds.), Niños maltratados (pp. 177-182). Madrid: Díaz Santos.
Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS, 2017). Violence and injury prevention: prevention of child maltreatment. Washington, D.C.: OMS.
Organización Panamericana de la Salud (2007). Alcohol y alud Pública en las Américas. Washington, D.C.: OPS.
Ramos, L., Saldívar, G., Medina, M.E., Rojas, E. y Villatoro, J. (1998). Prevalencia del abuso sexual en estudiantes y su relación con el consumo de drogas. Salud Púbica de México, 40(3), 221-234. Doi: https://www.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36341998000300002
Redondo, N. y Graña, J.L. (2015). Alcohol consumption, illicit sustances and intímate partner violence in a sample of batterers in psichological treatment. Adicciones, 27(1), 27-36.
Rincón, P., Labrador, F., Arinero, M. y Crespo, M. (2004). Efectos psicopatológicos del maltrato doméstico. Avances en Psicología Latinoamericana, 22, 105-116.
Silverman, J. G., Raj, A., Mucci, L. A. y Hathaway, J. E. (2001). Dating violence against adolescent girls and associated substance use, unhealthy weight control, sexual risk behavior, pregnancy, and suicidality. Journal of the American Medical Association, 286, 572-579. Doi: https://www.doi.org/10.1001/jama.286.5.572
Simonelli, A., Pasquali, C. y De Palo, F. (2014). Intimate partner violence and drug-addicted women: from explicative models to gender-oriented treatments. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 5. Doi: https://www.doi.org/10.3402/ejpt.v5.24496
Sullivan, T.P., Weiss, N.H., Flanagan, J.C., Willie, T.C., Armeli, S. y Tennen, H. (2016). PTSD and Daily Co-Occurrence of drug and alcohol use among women experiencing intimate partner violence. Journal of Dual Diagnosis, 12(1), 36-42. Doi: https://www.doi.org/10.1080/15504263.2016.1146516
Tinoco, L.I.S., Mann, R., Hamilton, H., Erickson, P., Brands, B., Giesbrecht, N., … y Khenti, A. (2015). Child maltreatment and use and abuse of drugs among students in a university of Leon, Nicaragua. Texto y Contexto Enfermagem, 24(SPE), 69-74. Doi: https://www.doi.org/10.1590/0104-07072015001080014
Ulibarri, M.D., Ulloa, E.C. y Camacho, L. (2009). Prevalence of sexually abusive experiences in childhood and adolescence among a community sample of Latinas: A descriptive study. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 18, 405-421. Doi: https://www.doi.org/10.1080/10538710903051088.
Vázquez, J.J., Panadero, S. y Rivas, E. (2015). Happiness among poor women victims of intimate partner violence in Nicaragua. Social Work in Public Health, 30(1), 18-29. Doi: https://www.doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2014.938389.
Vázquez, J.J. y Panadero, S. (2016). Chronicity and pseudo inheritance of social exclusion: Differences according to the poverty of the family of origin among trash pickers in León (Nicaragua). Human Rights Quarterly, 38, 379-390. Doi: https://www.doi.org/10.1353/hrq.2016.0037.
Walker, L.E. (1984). The battered woman syndrome. New York. Springer.
Young-Wolff, K., Kendler, K. y Prescott, C. (2012). Interactive effects of childhood maltreatment and recent stressful Life Events on Alcohol consumption in adulthood. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 73(4), 559-569. Doi: https://www.doi.org/10.15288/jsad.2012.73.559
How to Cite
Rivas Rivero, E., Bonilla, E., & Vázquez, J. J. (2019). Risk factors associated with substance use in female victims of abuse living in a context of poverty. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 36(1), 173-180. Retrieved from https://revistas.um.es/analesps/article/view/362541
Social and Organizational Psychology