El apoyo social percibido como predictor del éxito académico en estudiantes universitarios españoles


DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.344141
Palabras clave: Rendimiento académico, Estudiantes universitarios, Adultos emergentes, Apoyo social percibido


El apoyo social percibido es considerado un factor clave para la reducción del riesgo de estrés psicológico, fracaso académico y abandono de los estudios universitarios; sin embargo, la investigación relativa al modo en que el apoyo social puede incidir en el rendimiento académico de los estudiantes universitarios es escasa. El presente estudio examina la relación de diferentes provisiones y fuentes de apoyo social con el rendimiento académico de estudiantes universitarios españoles, en su primer y tercer curso. La muestra estaba compuesta por 219 adultos emergentes, 149 mujeres y 70 hombres, con una edad media de 18.01 años (SD= 0.46), matriculados en distintas titulaciones de una universidad pública española. Los datos se recabaron durante el primer año académico (tiempo 1) y de nuevo en el tercer año (tiempo 2). Los análisis de regresión realizados  mostraron que diferentes dimensiones del apoyo social percibido predecían el éxito académico en el intervalo de dos años. Los resultados del estudio podrían servir para mejorar programas y políticas dirigidas a promover el ajuste y rendimiento académico de los estudiantes.


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Cómo citar
Tinajero, C., Martínez-López, Z., Rodríguez, M. S., & Páramo, M. F. (2020). El apoyo social percibido como predictor del éxito académico en estudiantes universitarios españoles. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 36(1), 134–142. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.344141
Psicología evolutiva y de la educación