AGING: USE OF STRATEGIES, LEARNING AND RETENTION
AbstractUsing a semantically structured list of words, the usage of learning and recall strategies by a group of n=500 individuals 35 through 92-year-old, has been examined. The individuals were distributed into five age groups (35-44, 45-54, 55-64, 65-74, 75 and more). Regarding the learning essais, the three younger groups showed, on each of the variables considered, a quite similar curve, although values either decrease (on the positive variables) or increase (on the negative variable), respectively, as age increases. Regarding the recall tests (short and long delay, respectively), the 65-74 age group shows a diminished resistence to interference when compared with the two younger groups. On the other hand, the curves showed by the individuals aged 75 and more differe from the rest of the age group ones on every variable considered, both regarding the learning essais and the recall tests. Otherwise, the four groups benefit equally from the incitation to use a semantic strategy. The results are discussed from a neuropsychological approach, considering both, the available data about brain aging and a cognitive model of memory systems.
The works published in this journal are subject to the following terms:
1. The Publications Service of the University of Murcia (the publisher) retains the property rights (copyright) of published works, and encourages and enables the reuse of the same under the license specified in paragraph 2.
2. The works are published in the online edition of the journal under a Creative Commons Reconocimiento-CompartirIgual 4.0 (legal text). You can copy, use, distribute, transmit and publicly display, provided that: i) you cite the author and the original source of publication (journal, editorial and URL of the work), ii) are not used for commercial purposes, iii ) mentions the existence and specifications of this license.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
3. Conditions of self-archiving. Is allowed and encouraged the authors to disseminate electronically pre-print versions (version before being evaluated and sent to the journal) and / or post-print (version reviewed and accepted for publication) of their works before publication, as it encourages its earliest circulation and diffusion and thus a possible increase in its citation and scope between the academic community. RoMEO Color: Green.