AGING: USE OF STRATEGIES, LEARNING AND RETENTION

  • Mª Jesús Benedet
  • Rosario Martínez Arias
  • Mª Angeles Alejandre
Keywords: aging and learning, aging and use of strategies, aging and retention

Abstract

Using a semantically structured list of words, the usage of learning and recall strategies by a group of n=500 individuals 35 through 92-year-old, has been examined. The individuals were distributed into five age groups (35-44, 45-54, 55-64, 65-74, 75 and more). Regarding the learning essais, the three younger groups showed, on each of the variables considered, a quite similar curve, although values either decrease (on the positive variables) or increase (on the negative variable), respectively, as age increases. Regarding the recall tests (short and long delay, respectively), the 65-74 age group shows a diminished resistence to interference when compared with the two younger groups. On the other hand, the curves showed by the individuals aged 75 and more differe from the rest of the age group ones on every variable considered, both regarding the learning essais and the recall tests. Otherwise, the four groups benefit equally from the incitation to use a semantic strategy. The results are discussed from a neuropsychological approach, considering both, the available data about brain aging and a cognitive model of memory systems.

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Author Biographies

Mª Jesús Benedet
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Rosario Martínez Arias
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Mª Angeles Alejandre
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
How to Cite
Benedet, M. J., Martínez Arias, R., & Alejandre, M. A. (1). AGING: USE OF STRATEGIES, LEARNING AND RETENTION. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 14(2), 139-156. Retrieved from https://revistas.um.es/analesps/article/view/31351
Section
Volumen Monográfico: Psicología y vejez (II)

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