Clinical self-efficacy and illness beliefs in ambiguous chronic pain conditions: General Practitioners’ management of Fibromyalgia

  • Mª Angeles Pastor Universidad Miguel Hernández.
  • Sofía López-Roig Universidad Miguel Hernández.
  • Marie Johnston Aberdeen University.
  • Rafael Gracia Osakidetza. Servicio Vasco de Salud
  • Pablo Daza Osakidetza. Servicio Vasco de Salud
Keywords: Clinical self-efficacy, mental representation, general practitioners, fibromyalgia, patient management.

Abstract

Aims: In ambiguous chronic pain conditions, professional behaviour may be affected not only by scientific knowledge but also by beliefs about illness. In Spain, Fibromyalgia is the most frequent cause of chronic pain at Primary Care level. Our aims are to identify General Practitioners’ beliefs about Fibromyalgia, in terms of mental representation and clinical self-efficacy, and to study their relationships with patient management. Methods: 208 General Practitioners recruited on a voluntarily basis while attending educational workshops on Fibromyalgia, completed an adapted version of the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire and  ad hoc scales of clinical self-efficacy, clinical behaviour and satisfaction.   Pearson correlation, multiple regression, t test and ANOVA were performed. Results: Doctors see Fibromyalgia as a severe condition and they perceived low control and moderate clinical self-efficacy.  The main causes of Fibromyalgia were seen to be psychological. Regression analysis showed that mental representation components predicted clinical management with low explained variance (from 3% to 11%) while clinical self-efficacy predicted satisfaction with clinical management (from 46% to 61%).  Conclusions: GPs self-efficacy and control perception of Fibromyalgia need to be enhanced. While FM continues to be an ambiguous condition, variations in clinicians´ cognitions will be important for the care patients receive.

Author Biographies

Mª Angeles Pastor, Universidad Miguel Hernández.

PhD. Assistant professor

Health Psychology Department

Sofía López-Roig, Universidad Miguel Hernández.

PhD. Assistant professor

Health Psychology Department

Marie Johnston, Aberdeen University.
PhD. Aberdeen Health Psychology Group. Institute of Applied Health Sciences.
Rafael Gracia, Osakidetza. Servicio Vasco de Salud
MD. General Practitioner.
Pablo Daza, Osakidetza. Servicio Vasco de Salud
MD. General Practitioner.
How to Cite
Pastor, M. A., López-Roig, S., Johnston, M., Gracia, R., & Daza, P. (1). Clinical self-efficacy and illness beliefs in ambiguous chronic pain conditions: General Practitioners’ management of Fibromyalgia. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 28(2), 417-425. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.28.2.135291
Section
Clinical and Health Psychology