Preocupaciones de adultos portugueses sobre el regreso a la práctica deportiva en instalaciones deportivas cubiertas tras el confinamiento al que obligó la pandemia COVID-19- propuestas de estrategias de mitigación

- mitigation strategies proposals

Autores/as

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/cpd.435751
Palabras clave: Palabras clave: restricciones; affordances; superficies de contacto; acciones alternativas; equipamiento deportivo

Resumen

Objetivo: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo obtener una visión de las preocupaciones de adultos portugueses en lo que refiere al regreso a la actividad deportiva en instalaciones deportivas cubiertas, tras el confinamiento al que obligó la pandemia COVID-19. Posteriormente, se planteó un enfoque adicional a las estrategias tradicionales de mitigación. Métodos: han participado un total de 173 personas que solían practicar actividad deportiva en instalaciones deportivas cubiertas antes de la pandemia. Se aplicó un cuestionario en el que preguntó lo preocupados (1 – nada, a 5 – completamente) que estarían en diferentes aspectos relacionados con este regreso. Resultados: Los encuestados estaban extremadamente preocupados, especialmente por tocar superficies de uso común y por la proximidad con otros usuarios. Todos los contextos (desplazamiento en transporte público al lugar de entrenamiento, vestuarios y características de la práctica de la actividad propiamente dicha) fueron señaladas como grandes fuentes de preocupación, sobretodo en cuanto a la primera citada. Se propuso modificar algunos objetos (o crear otros) que permitan un uso con partes del cuerpo distintas de las manos y utilizar instrumentos intermediarios en la manipulación de objetos deportivos. Conclusión: tocar superficies de uso común y la proximidad de otros usuarios reveló altos grados de preocupación al regresar a la práctica deportiva después del confinamiento. Además del respeto de las reglas de distanciamiento personal, etiqueta respiratoria e higiene de superficies, se sugiere que los practicantes utilicen, en la medida de lo posible, partes corporales alternativas e instrumentos intermedios que eviten el contacto directo con superficies y objetos.

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Biografía del autor/a

Rui Matos, CIEQV & Politécnico de Leiria

Professor Coordenador na Escola Superior de Educação e Ciências Sociais do Instituto Politécnico de Leiria (onde leciona desde 13 de novembro de 1989 - 4 dias após a queda do Muro de Berlim), da qual foi diretor entre 2013 e 2017;

Doutorado em Motricidade Humana (2008) pela Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, da Universidade Técnica de Lisboa; Mestre em Desenvolvimento Motor da Criança (1997), pela mesma Faculdade; Licenciado em Educação Física (1989), pelo Instituto Superior de Educação Física de Lisboa, atual Faculdade de Motricidade Humana;

Autor de diversos livros e artigos técnico-científicos na área do Desporto;

Atual subcoordenador do Centro de Investigação em Qualidade de Vida (CIEQV);

Revisor e elemento do corpo redatorial em diversas revistas internacionais;

Escritor premiado em diversos concursos literários, é autor de mais de uma dezena de livros, a maioria para um público infantojuvenil;

Criador da modalidade desportiva Tripela, em 2008;

Ex-treinador de futebol e de andebol;

Tem como principal objeto de estudo o comportamento motor, nas componentes controlo, aprendizagem e, sobretudo, desenvolvimento.

E-mail: rui.matos@ipleiria.pt

Nuno Amaro, 1) Polytechnic Institute of Leiria, Portugal; 2) Life Quality Research Centre (CIEQV), Portugal

Teacher at the Department of Human Kinetics and Artistics Languages of the School of Education and Social Sciences - Polytechnic Institute of Leiria - Portugal. His main areas of teaching includes Physical Activity and Health, Swimming and  Water Fitness.

He is the coordinator of  the first cycle of studies in Sports Science: Sports and Well-Being.

He created two programmes of Physical Activity in Polytechnic of Leiria: PAFE®  - physical activity for the IPL students and PAFL - Labour Physical Activity.

Full member of the Life Quality Research Center (CIEQV) - Polytechnic Institute of Leiria and Polytechnic Institute of Santarém - Portugal and associated member of Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences  and Human Development (CIDESD). His main interest areas of research are Strength & Conditioning among all ages and Physical Activity as a tool for Health.

Area of expertise: Strength & Conditioning and swimming performance; Physical Activity and Health; Motricity for Children and Tripela.

He is also particularly involved in coaches training through regional associations and conference organization.

Raul Antunes, 1) Polytechnic Institute of Leiria, Portugal; 2) Life Quality Research Centre (CIEQV), Portugal

Raul Antunes is a young researcher, with a PhD in Sports Science by University of Beira Interior. He is an integrated member of Life Quality Research Center (CIEQV) and Professor at the School of Education and Social Sciences (Polytechnic Institute of Leiria) and at the School of Sports of Rio Maior (Polytechnic Institute of Santarém). His research activity focuses, mostly, on the sport and exercise psychology, specifically the analysis of the determinants of physical activity (motivation) and its consequences on quality of life and well-being (emotional and cognitive component). 

In the last years, he has published several articles in specialized publications, especially regarding the subject of physical activity, satisfaction with life, affect and subjective vitality and also regarding the basic psychological needs in the context of sport and physical activity. He also presented several communications (oral and poster) at international conferences, regarding topics such as physical activity and quality of life, the role of physical activity and sport in personal social networks, and motivation for physical activity practice.

Marlene Rosa, 1) Polytechnic Institute of Leiria, Portugal; 2) ciTechCare – Center for Innovative Care and Health Technology

 

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Publicado
25-04-2021
Cómo citar
Matos, R., Amaro, N., Antunes, R., & Rosa, M. (2021). Preocupaciones de adultos portugueses sobre el regreso a la práctica deportiva en instalaciones deportivas cubiertas tras el confinamiento al que obligó la pandemia COVID-19- propuestas de estrategias de mitigación: - mitigation strategies proposals. Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte, 21(2). https://doi.org/10.6018/cpd.435751
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Sección
Ciencias del Deporte