Are the traits of perfectionism associated with pre-competitive anxiety in young athletes?

Perfectionism and pre competitive anxiety in young athletes

Palabras clave: Personalidad; Estrés; Ansiedad; Deporte.

Resumen

Este estudio transversal verificó la asociación entre el perfeccionismo y la ansiedad precompetitiva entre los jóvenes atletas. Los participantes fueron 177 niños y niñas, que respondieron a la Escala Multidimensional de Perfeccionismo Deportivo-2 (SMPS-2) y a la Escala de Ansiedad Deportiva-2 (SAS-2). El análisis de los datos se llevó a cabo a través de la prueba de Kolmogorov-Smirnov, la "U" de Mann-Whitney, la correlación de Spearman y el análisis de la trayectoria (p<0,05). Los principales resultados fueron que los chicos presentaron un mayor puntaje de estándares personales/organización y se sienten más presionados por los padres, mientras que las chicas sienten más ansiedad somática y se preocupan más por los juegos. El Análisis de Caminos reveló que los esfuerzos perfeccionistas (PS) se asocian con la reducción de la ansiedad cognitiva/somática, especialmente entre los chicos, mientras que las preocupaciones perfeccionistas (PC) se asocian positivamente con la ansiedad cognitiva/somática en ambos sexos. Estas conclusiones muestran que los Esfuerzos Perfeccionistas parecen ser un factor de intervención para la reducción de los síntomas de la ansiedad cognitiva y somática, mientras que los Esfuerzos Perfeccionistas pueden intensificar los síntomas de la ansiedad somática y cognitiva entre los jóvenes atletas, especialmente entre los varones.

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Publicado
15-04-2020
Cómo citar
Freire, G. L. M., Sousa , V. da C., Alves, J. F. N., Moraes, J. F. V. N. de, Oliveira, D. V. de, & Nascimento Junior, J. R. A. do. (2020). Are the traits of perfectionism associated with pre-competitive anxiety in young athletes?. Cuadernos De Psicología Del Deporte, 20(2), 37-46. https://doi.org/10.6018/cpd.406031
Sección
Psicología del Deporte