2Blood-injection Phobia Inventory (BIPI): Development, reliability and validity

  • Mercedes Borda Mas
  • Ana Maria López Jiménez
  • Mª Ángeles Pérez San Gregorio
Keywords: Blood anxiety, construction, validation, Blood-Injection Phobia Inventory, Spanish-speaking subjects, instrumental study


The aim of this study was to develop the Blood-Injection Phobia Inventory (BIPI) and thus provide a valid and reliable assessment instrument for measuring blood anxiety and blood phobia in Spanish population. This study examined the psychometric properties of the BIPI in 174 Spanish-speaking subjects. The BIPI is a self-administered questionnaire of 18 items or stimulus content and 27 phobic responses that can be used on a 4-point Likert-type format. The scale had a Cronbach’s alpha of .98 and showed good concurrent, convergent, and discriminant validity. Factor analysis of the BIPI identified one significant factor, suggesting that blood phobia is a unitary psychometric construct. This factor explained 76% of stimulus content and 74% of phobic responses of the total variance. Results of this study suggest that the BIPI has adequate psychometric properties that make it a valid and reliable instrument to assess blood phobia in Spanish-speaking individuals.


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How to Cite
Borda Mas, M., López Jiménez, A. M., & Pérez San Gregorio, M. Ángeles. (1). 2Blood-injection Phobia Inventory (BIPI): Development, reliability and validity. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 26(1), 58-71. Retrieved from https://revistas.um.es/analesps/article/view/91971
Clinical and Health Psychology