Contribución de la participación en actividades significativas sobre la salud mental en población española durante el confinamiento por COVID-19


  • María Rodríguez-Bailón Department of Physiotherapy (Occupational Therapy), Faculty of Health Sciences.University of Malaga, Málaga (Spain)
  • Ana Judit Fernández-Solano Department of Occupational Therapy. School of Health Sciences, Catholic University of Murcia (Spain)
  • Laura Vidaña-Moya Research Group GrEUIT., Escola Universitària d’Infermeria i Teràpia Ocupacional de Terrassa (EUIT), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Terrassa, Spain
  • José Antonio Merchán-Baeza Research Group GrEUIT., Escola Universitària d’Infermeria i Teràpia Ocupacional de Terrassa (EUIT), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Terrassa (Spain)
  • Ellen Cruyt Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Occupational Therapy, Physiotherapy and Speech-language Pathology/Audiology, Ghent University, Ghent (Belgium)
  • Miet De Letter Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Occupational Therapy, Physiotherapy and Speech-language Pathology/Audiology, Ghent University, Ghent (Belgium)
  • Peter Vlerick Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Department of Work, Organization and Society, Ghent University, Ghent (Belgium)
  • Patrick Calders Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Occupational Therapy, Physiotherapy and Speech-language Pathology/Audiology, Ghent University, Ghent (Belgium)
  • Robby De Pauw Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Occupational Therapy, Physiotherapy and Speech-language Pathology/Audiology, Ghent University, Ghent (Belgium)
  • Kristine Oostra Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Occupational Therapy, Physiotherapy and Speech-language Pathology/Audiology, Ghent University, Ghent (Belgium)
  • Arnaud Szmalec Psychological Sciences Research Institute, Université catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
  • Dominique Van de Velde Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Occupational Therapy, Physiotherapy and Speech-language Pathology/Audiology, Ghent University, Ghent (Belgium)
  • Patricia De Vriendt Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Occupational Therapy, Physiotherapy and Speech-language Pathology/Audiology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. Department of Occupational Therapy, Artevelde University College, Ghent, Belgium. Mental Health Research group, Frailty in Ageing Research Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
Palabras clave: COVID-19, Salud mental, Confinamiento, Actividades significativas, Resilencia, Terapia ocupacional


Introduction: During the lockdown caused by COVID-19 in Spain, citizens had to stop performing activities in the usual way, which could have had an impact on mental health. The aim of this study was to determine the contribution of participating in meaningful activities on mental health in the Spanish population during the COVID-19 lockdown. Method: A cross-sectional online survey was developed and administered, where mental health (General Health Questionnaire), resilience (Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale), participation in meaningful activities (Engagement in Meaningful Activities Survey) and socio-demographic data were assessed. A hierarchical-linear-regression was used to identify key correlations. Results: The participants (N = 311) reported low mental health (M = 16.12/36) and a lower level of resilience (M = 25.48). The results of the regression revealed that 32.6% of the variance of the GHQ was significantly explained by the living space, including an outdoor space, resilience and participation in meaningful activities. The loss of meaningful activities was significantly related to mental health, with a significant contribution when controlling for the other variables (β = -.12). Conclusion: Although experimental studies are needed to determine causality, this study highlights the relationship between participation in meaningful activities and mental health during the lockdown.


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Cómo citar
Rodríguez-Bailón, M., Fernández-Solano, A. J., Vidaña-Moya, L., Merchán-Baeza, J. A., Cruyt, E., De Letter, M., … De Vriendt, P. (2023). Contribución de la participación en actividades significativas sobre la salud mental en población española durante el confinamiento por COVID-19. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 39(2), 176–187.
Psicología y COVID-19