Un análisis multinivel de los efectos de las actividades en interiores sobre el bienestar psicológico durante la pandemia de COVID-19


DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.446891
Palabras clave: COVID-19, Afecto positivo y negativo, Felicidad, Actividad física, Socialización en línea, Juegos en línea


El estudio tiene como objetivo analizar los efectos de las actividades en interiores tales como el ejercicio físico, la socialización digital y los juegos digitales, en los niveles de bienestar subjetivo de las personas. Dada la naturaleza dinámica de la pandemia para capturar el nivel diario dentro de la varianza individual, el estudio adapta un enfoque multinivel donde los días se anidan en personas. Se recopilan 1950 datos diarios a partir de 390 encuestados durante 5 días consecutivos durante la primera fase de la pandemia (cuando había políticas estrictas de aislamiento social) en Turquía. Los resultados de la partición de los componentes de la varianza respaldaron la necesidad de utilizar un enfoque multinivel. Los resultados del análisis realizado a través de modelos lineales jerárquicos demostraron que la actividad física a nivel diurno en el hogar y la socialización digital alivian significativamente el afecto negativo diario y se asocia positivamente con el nivel diario de afecto positivo y los niveles de felicidad de los encuestados. Estos resultados fueron controlados por variables demográficas, extraversión y resiliencia psicológica. La extraversión fue negativa y la resiliencia psicológica se relacionó positivamente con el nivel diario de afecto negativo.


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Biografía del autor/a

Mehmet Çetin, İstanbul Sabahattin Zaim University

İstanbul Sabahattin Zaim University, The Faculty of Business and Management Sciences, The Department of Business Administration

Özgür Kökalan, İstanbul Sabahattin Zaim University

İstanbul Sabahattin Zaim University, The Faculty of Business and Management Sciences, The Department of Business Administration


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Cómo citar
Çetin, M., & Kökalan, Özgür. (2021). Un análisis multinivel de los efectos de las actividades en interiores sobre el bienestar psicológico durante la pandemia de COVID-19. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 37(3), 500–507. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.446891
Psicología clínica y de la salud