Cuestionario de Evitación Cognitiva: estructura factorial y propiedades psicométricas


  • José Miguel Latorre Postigo Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha. Departamento Psicología. Albacete, España.
  • Marta Nieto López Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha
  • Mª Antonia Font Payeras Unidad de Salud Mental, Hospital General de Villarrobledo, SESCAM, Albacete, Spain
  • Laura Ros Segura Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha. Departamento Psicología. Albacete, España.
  • Jesús Heras Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha. Departamento Psicología. Albacete, España.
  • Jorge Javier Ricarte Trives
Palabras clave: Cuestionario de Evitación Cognitiva, Trastornos de ansiedad, Preocupación, Estrategias de afrontamiento, Rumiación, Propiedades psicométricas


La evitación cognitiva se refiere a las estrategias y esfuerzos dirigidos a prevenir experiencias negativas y eventos aversivos que provocan ansiedad. El presente estudio analizó la estructura factorial y las propiedades psicométricas de la versión española del Cuestionario de evitación cognitiva (CAQ; Sexton & Dugas, 2008), un instrumento que evalúa cinco estrategias de evitación cognitiva relacionadas con la preocupación. La traducción al español se administró a una muestra no clínica de 614 participantes (18-82 años). La escala total y las subescalas mostraron una consistencia interna de buena a excelente. Utilizando el análisis factorial confirmatorio, un modelo de cinco factores mostró un buen ajuste entre la estructura teórica y los datos empíricos. Se obtuvo evidencia de validez convergente y discriminante a través del análisis de las correlaciones del cuestionario con medidas de preocupación, supresión del pensamiento, rumiación y estilos de afrontamiento. Los resultados arrojaron datos preliminares satisfactorios sobre la adaptación española del CAQ, que podría proporcionar mayores avances en la práctica clínica y la investigación sobre procesos cognitivos y trastornos de ansiedad.


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Cómo citar
Latorre Postigo, J. M., Nieto López, M., Font Payeras, M. A. ., Ros Segura, L., Heras, J. ., & Ricarte Trives, J. J. . (2020). Cuestionario de Evitación Cognitiva: estructura factorial y propiedades psicométricas. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 36(3), 457-467.
Psicología clínica y de la salud

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