The Functioning of psychopathy and trait aggression as predictive variables of criminal recidivism

  • Maria Carmen Zabala Baños Universidad de Castilla la Mancha.
  • Juan José Criado Álvarez Centro de Salud de La Pueblanueva.
  • Olga Lopez Martín Universidad de Castilla la Mancha.
  • Manuela Martínez Lorca Universidad de Castilla la Mancha.
  • María Verónica Jimeno Jiménez Universidad de Castilla la Mancha. Departamento de Psicología. Facultad de Medicina de Albacete
  • Jorge Javier Ricarte Trives Universidad de Castilla la Mancha.
Keywords: recidivism; psychopathy; aggressiveness; mental disorder.

Abstract

In the current study, several measures of aggression and psychopathy are analyzed as possible factors involved in prison recidivism. Sociodemographic data as well as aggression and psychopathy trait measures (Aggression Questionnaire, IPAS and TRIp) were obtained in a sample of 110 male inmates from a penitentiary center in Castilla-La Mancha (Spain). The sample consisted of two groups of 55 subjects, characterized by presenting, or not, mental disorder. The 55.8% of the participants were persistent offenders. Recidivism showed a statistically significant association (p <0.05) with most of the dimensions studied for aggressiveness, with higher scores in this variable in the group of repeat offenders as well as in the group of inmates diagnosed with mental disorder. The variable that best predicted the likelihood of re-offending was psychopathic meanness. No statistically significant differences were found between the presence of a mental disorder and recidivism (p> 0.05), although it is observed that among the recidivists there is a greater proportion of people with a mental disorder (63.6%). Inmates with mental illness have a higher risk for criminal recidivism and this risk is associated with higher scores in trait aggressiveness as well as higher scores in disinhibition and psychopathic meanness

 

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Author Biographies

Maria Carmen Zabala Baños, Universidad de Castilla la Mancha.

Departamento de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Terapia Ocupacional. Facultad de Terapia Ocupacional, Logopedia y Enfermería. Talavera de la Reina.

Juan José Criado Álvarez, Centro de Salud de La Pueblanueva.

Gerencia de Atención Integrada de Talavera de la Reina. Servicio de Salud de Castilla-La Mancha, SESCAM.

Olga Lopez Martín, Universidad de Castilla la Mancha.

Departamento de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Terapia Ocupacional. Facultad de Terapia Ocupacional, Logopedia y Enfermería. Talavera de la Reina.

Manuela Martínez Lorca, Universidad de Castilla la Mancha.

Departamento de Psicología. Facultad de Terapia Ocupacional, Logopedia y Enfermería. Talavera de la Reina.

Jorge Javier Ricarte Trives, Universidad de Castilla la Mancha.

Departamento de Psicología. Facultad de Medicina de Albacete

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Published
02-08-2019
How to Cite
Zabala Baños, M. C., Criado Álvarez, J. J., Lopez Martín, O., Martínez Lorca, M., Jimeno Jiménez, M. V., & Ricarte Trives, J. J. (2019). The Functioning of psychopathy and trait aggression as predictive variables of criminal recidivism. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 35(3), 364-370. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.35.3.345691
Section
Clinical and Health Psychology