Empatía, resiliencia y gratitud: ¿hay diferencias de género?

Autores/as

  • Agnieszka Lasota Pedagogical Univeristy Of Cracow
  • Katarzyna Tomaszek Department of Psychology, Pedagogical University of Cracow (Poland)
  • Sandra Bosacki Department of Educational Studies, Brock University (Canada)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.391541
Palabras clave: gratitud, empatía, Resiliencia, diferencias de género

Resumen

Investigaciones anteriores muestran que la mayoría de las mujeres reportan niveles más altos de empatía y gratitud que los hombres. Aunque los estudios muestran relaciones entre resiliencia, gratitud y empatía, se sabe poco sobre la influencia del género en los vínculos entre ellos. El presente estudio examinó las diferencias individuales y las relaciones entre los niveles de empatía, gratitud y resiliencia de los adultos, particularmente cómo el género influye en tales relaciones. En segundo lugar, se probó el papel de mediación de la resiliencia en las asociaciones entre empatía y gratitud. Los participantes fueron 214 adultos polacos (104 mujeres) autoidentificados, con edades entre 18 y 55 años (M = 28.29 años, DT = 11.19), que completaron medidas de empatía de autoinforme en línea (escala QCAE), gratitud (escala GRAT) y resiliencia (escala SPP-25). El estudio transversal se utilizó para obtener los datos. Los resultados muestran que las mujeres obtuvieron puntuaciones más altas en empatía y gratitud que los hombres, pero los hombres informaron niveles más altos de resistencia que las mujeres. La apertura a nuevas experiencias de vida (dimensión de resiliencia) surgió como el predictor más fuerte de gratitud en ambos grupos. La resiliencia también sirvió como mediador entre la empatía y la gratitud y esto difería según el género autoidentificado. Se discuten las implicaciones para la investigación del desarrollo de género en psicología positiva.

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Citas

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Publicado
05-08-2020
Cómo citar
Agnieszka Lasota, Tomaszek, K., & Bosacki, S. (2020). Empatía, resiliencia y gratitud: ¿hay diferencias de género?. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 36(3), 521-532. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.391541
Número
Sección
Psicología social y de las organizaciones