Basic psychological needs and subjective well-being in Portuguese older people

Keywords: basic psychological needs, subjective well-being, confirmatory factorial analysis, older population

Abstract

This study’s goal is the validation of the Portuguese version of the Basic Need Satisfaction General Scale (BNSG-S: Sousa, Pais Ribeiro, Palmeira, Teixeira, & Silva, 2012) in a sample of Portuguese older people, and analyze through a structural equations model the effect of the Portuguese elderly individuals’ global perception about the satisfaction of basic psychological needs on subjective well-being. Two samples of Portuguese elderly people aged between 60 and 90 years old were considered in this study.

The results reveal that only Model 3 of the BNSG-S (3 factors, 11 items) showed good results of adjustment to the data (χ²=103,16, df=41, SRMR=.05, TLI=.90, CFI=.93, RMSEA=.07, 90% CI=.05-.08). In the second part of the study, we verified that satisfaction of basic psychological needs has a positive effect on subjective well-being in Portuguese elderly people.

In the presence of this evidence, we concluded that the Portuguese version of the BNSG-S can be used as a means to evaluate the satisfaction of the basic psychological needs of the older population and their satisfaction has a positive effect on subjective well-being in the Portuguese older population.

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Author Biography

Nuno Couto, Sports Science School of Rio Maior (ESDRM), Polytechnic Institute of Santarém

Sports Science School of Rio Maior (ESDRM), Polytechnic Institute of Santarém
Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development (CIDESD)

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Published
09-04-2020
How to Cite
Couto, N., Antunes, R., Monteiro, D., Moutão, J., Marinho, D. A., & Cid, L. (2020). Basic psychological needs and subjective well-being in Portuguese older people. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 36(2), 340-347. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.349561
Section
Social and Organizational Psychology

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