MULTICAGE CAD-4: Psychometric characteristics for the screening of addictive behaviors

  • Mª Teresa Rodríguez Monje Gerencia de Atención Primaria. Servicio Madrileño de Salud
  • Eduardo J. Pedrero Pérez Madrid Salud, Ayuntamiento de Madrid
  • Mª Teresa Rodríguez Monje Gerencia de Atención Primaria. Servicio Madrileño de Salud
  • Elías Rodríguez Alonso Centro de Salud Doctor Cirajas. Gerencia de Atención Primaria. Servicio Madrileño de Salud
  • Elías Rodríguez Alonso Centro de Salud Doctor Cirajas. Gerencia de Atención Primaria. Servicio Madrileño de Salud
  • Mercedes Fernández Girón Centro de Salud Mª Ángeles López Gómez. Gerencia de Atención. Servicio Madrileño de Salud
  • Mercedes Fernández Girón Centro de Salud Mª Ángeles López Gómez. Gerencia de Atención. Servicio Madrileño de Salud
  • Alicia Mateo Madurga Centro de Salud Doctor Cirajas. Gerencia de Atención Primaria. Servicio Madrileño de Salud
  • Alicia Mateo Madurga Centro de Salud Doctor Cirajas. Gerencia de Atención Primaria. Servicio Madrileño de Salud
  • Celina Arana Cañedo-Argüelles Centro de Salud Mª Ángeles López Gómez. Gerencia de Atención Primaria. Servicio Madrileño de Salud
  • Celina Arana Cañedo-Argüelles Centro de Salud Mª Ángeles López Gómez. Gerencia de Atención Primaria. Servicio Madrileño de Salud
  • Victoria Pastor Ramos Centro de Salud Los Alpes. Gerencia de Atención Primaria. Servicio Madrileño de Salud
  • Victoria Pastor Ramos Centro de Salud Los Alpes. Gerencia de Atención Primaria. Servicio Madrileño de Salud
  • Mª Paz Sánchez Salgado Centro de Salud Jazmin. Gerencia de Atención Primaria. Servicio Madrileño de Salud
  • Mª Paz Sánchez Salgado Centro de Salud Jazmin. Gerencia de Atención Primaria. Servicio Madrileño de Salud
  • Rosa Ana Escriva Ferrairo Centro de Salud Santa Isabel. Gerencia de Atención Primaria. Servicio Madrileño de Salud
  • Rosa Ana Escriva Ferrairo Centro de Salud Santa Isabel. Gerencia de Atención Primaria. Servicio Madrileño de Salud
  • Isabel del Cura González Unidad de Apoyo a la investigación, Gerencia de Atención Primaria, Servicio Madrileño de Salud
  • Isabel del Cura González Unidad de Apoyo a la investigación, Gerencia de Atención Primaria, Servicio Madrileño de Salud
  • Teresa Sanz Cuesta Unidad de Apoyo a la investigación, Gerencia de Atención Primaria, Servicio Madrileño de Salud
  • Teresa Sanz Cuesta Unidad de Apoyo a la investigación, Gerencia de Atención Primaria, Servicio Madrileño de Salud
Keywords: behavioral addictions, drug addiction, screening, questionnaire, factor analysis, psychometric properties

Abstract

Addictive behaviors are not limited to drugs use, but also include certain daily behaviors that can cause gratification. Their progression to more severe pathological patterns entails grave consequences for the individual, including multiple psychopathological manifestations. The early detection of this type of behavior is of concern to primary health care. Therefore, in order to detect risk at early stages, reliable and valid tools for daily practice are essential. The MULTICAGE CAD-4 questionnaire is a screening tool for simultaneously detecting addictive behaviors. This study includes a new scale for the detection of smartphone abuse. The objective is to evaluate the adequacy of its psychometric properties. A sample of 2,074 subjects that were recruited from primary care centers ofMadrid(Spain) completed the MULTICAGE CAD-4 questionnaire. A confirmatory factor analysis, using unweighted least squares method, was performed. The test showed good internal consistency both at item and scale levels. The questionnaire structure was consistent with theoretical expectations. The MULTICAGE CAD-4, including the new smartphone scale, is a robust, reliable tool with a valid structure for assessing the presence of dysfunctional or potentially addictive behaviors, and especially useful in primary health care services.

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Author Biography

Eduardo J. Pedrero Pérez, Madrid Salud, Ayuntamiento de Madrid
Departamento de Evaluación y Calidad, Unidad de Formación e Investigación.

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Published
24-12-2018
How to Cite
Rodríguez Monje, M. T., Pedrero Pérez, E. J., Rodríguez Monje, M. T., Rodríguez Alonso, E., Rodríguez Alonso, E., Fernández Girón, M., Fernández Girón, M., Mateo Madurga, A., Mateo Madurga, A., Arana Cañedo-Argüelles, C., Arana Cañedo-Argüelles, C., Pastor Ramos, V., Pastor Ramos, V., Sánchez Salgado, M. P., Sánchez Salgado, M. P., Escriva Ferrairo, R. A., Escriva Ferrairo, R. A., del Cura González, I., del Cura González, I., Sanz Cuesta, T., & Sanz Cuesta, T. (2018). MULTICAGE CAD-4: Psychometric characteristics for the screening of addictive behaviors. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 35(1), 41-46. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.35.1.324311
Section
Clinical and Health Psychology