Orientación motivacional e intención de ser físicamente activo en estudiantes de educación física: El papel de la autoeficacia motriz

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/cpd.583561
Palabras clave: Educación Física, Autoeficacia Motriz, Estilo de Vida, Motivación

Resumen

La motivación orientada a la tarea se vincula con la tendencia de los estudiantes de Educación Física a asociarse con una mayor probabilidad de ser físicamente activos en el futuro y fuera de las clases de Educación Física, mientras que la motivación orientada al ego estaría vinculada a una menor probabilidad de desarrollar estilos de vida activos. Además, la literatura existente ha mostrado que la percepción de autoeficacia también sería una variable que determina la intención de ser activo. Así, el objetivo de esta investigación fue analizar las relaciones entre la orientación motivacional y la intención de ser activo, analizando el papel de la autoeficacia motriz en estas relaciones. Para ello, se desarrolló un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales en el que se evaluaron los efectos directos e indirectos entre las variables. Participaron en esta investigación 478 adolescentes con edades comprendidas entre los 13 y los 18 años (M=14.57; DT=1.15). Para la recogida de información se utilizaron el Cuestionario Orientación al Ego y a la Tarea en el Deporte (TEOSQ), la Escala de Autoeficacia Motriz (MSES) y la Escala de Intención de Ser Físicamente Activo (MIFA). Los datos mostraron una relación positiva y directa entre la orientación a la tarea con la autoeficacia motriz y la intención de ser activo. Asimismo, los datos mostraron una relación positiva y directa entre la orientación al ego con la autoeficacia motora, pero no con la intención de ser activo. Asimismo, se observaron efectos indirectos y positivos entre la orientación a la tarea y al ego con la intención de ser activo. Por lo tanto, los resultados de este estudio muestran que podría ser necesario tener en cuenta la autoeficacia para comprender mejor las relaciones entre las orientaciones motivacionales y la intención de ser activo.   

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Publicado
02-01-2024 — Actualizado el 03-01-2024
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Morales-Sánchez, V. O., Hernández-Martos, J., Reigal Garrido, R., & Hernández-Mendo, A. (2024). Orientación motivacional e intención de ser físicamente activo en estudiantes de educación física: El papel de la autoeficacia motriz. Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte, 24(1), 26–38. https://doi.org/10.6018/cpd.583561 (Original work published 2 de enero de 2024)
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Psicología del Deporte

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