Influence of physical activity on self-esteem and risk of dependence in active and sedentary elderly people
The objective of the study was to know how the practice of physical activity influences self-esteem and the level of risk dependence in old age, differentiating between the control group (sedentary) and experimental group (active). Participants were 168 people over 65 years of age, 84 of whom were classified as active and the remaining 84 were completely sedentary. To analyze self-esteem, Rosenberg’s Personal Self-Esteem Scale was used whereas Barber's helped to assess the risk of dependence. Positive self-esteem is higher in the active (GE: 3.25 ± .45 vs. GC: 3.14 ± .47) but negative in the sedentary group (GC: 2.23 ± .48 vs. GE: 2.20 ± .52). There were significant differences (p ≤ .001) between the subjects of the CG (2.93 ± 1.67) and those of the EG (1.65 ± 1.03), with the latter showing a lower risk of dependence. There was a positive association between physical activity and positive self-esteem (r = .244; p ≤ .01), as well as between physical activity and the Barber index (r = -.425; p ≤ .001). In conclusion, regular physical activity should be encouraged to improve the level of self-esteem and minimize the risk of dependence on older people.
Battaglia, G., Bellafiore. M., Alesi. M., Paoli. A., Bianco, A., & Palma, A. (2016). Effects of an adapted physical activity program on psychophysical health in elderly women. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 11, 1009. 10.2147/CIA.S109591
De Haro, A. E., de Miguel López, S. M., & Sánchez, J. R. (2015). Mild cognitive impairment in elderly users of municipal centers of the Region of Murcia (Spain). Anales de Psicología/Annals of Psychology, 32(1), 234-240. http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.1.196061
García, A., Marín, M., & Bohórquez, M. (2012) Autoestima como variable psicosocial predictora de la actividad física en personas mayores. Revista de Psicología del Deporte, (1),195-200.
Romo-Pérez, V., & Barcala-Furelos, R. (2012). Recomendaciones sobre actividad física para personas mayores: efecto del entrenamiento de fuerzas sobre la condición física. Revista de psicología del deporte, 21(2), 0373-378.
Troyano, Y., & García, A. (2013). Percepción de autoestima en personas mayores que realizan o no actividad física-deportiva. Psychological Writings/Escritos De Psicología, 6(2), 35. http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=271028444006
The works published in this journal are subject to the following terms:
1. The Publications Service of the University of Murcia (the publisher) retains the property rights (copyright) of published works, and encourages and enables the reuse of the same under the license specified in paragraph 2.
2. The works are published in the online edition of the journal under a Creative Commons Reconocimiento-CompartirIgual 4.0 (legal text). You can copy, use, distribute, transmit and publicly display, provided that: i) you cite the author and the original source of publication (journal, editorial and URL of the work), ii) are not used for commercial purposes, iii ) mentions the existence and specifications of this license.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
3. Conditions of self-archiving. Is allowed and encouraged the authors to disseminate electronically pre-print versions (version before being evaluated and sent to the journal) and / or post-print (version reviewed and accepted for publication) of their works before publication, as it encourages its earliest circulation and diffusion and thus a possible increase in its citation and scope between the academic community. RoMEO Color: Green.