Older Adult Self Report Construct and Criterion Validity Evidence for the Brazilian Elderly
In Brazil, the number of validated and recognized scientific instruments for clinical evaluation of elderly persons is limited. The Older Adult Self-Report (OASR) is a psychopathological rating scale for persons with more than 60 years, which evaluates adaptive functioning and psychopathology. The aim of this study was at investigating OASR construct and criterion validity evidence for Brazilian elderly. The sample included 345 individuals, between 60 and 94 years of age, which were recruited by convenience. Participants responded to a questionnaire containing questions about demographic and health information, the Mini Mental State Examination, the Geriatric Depression Scale short version and the OASR. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation and discriminant analysis. The results showed significant associations between the scores of OASR’s subscales, correlating with general cognitive ability and depressive symptoms. Furthermore, OASR was sensitive to identify elderly with significant symptoms of depression. In conclusion, the OASR showed adequate evidence of construct and criterion validity for a sample of Brazilian elderly.
Achenbach, T. M. (2006). As others see us clinical and research implications of cross-informant correlations for psychopathology. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15(2), 94-98. doi: 10.1111/j.0963-7214.2006.00414.x
Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. (2007). Multicultural understanding of child and adolescent psychopathology: Implications for mental health assessment. Guilford Press.
Achenbach, T.M., & Rescorla, L.A. (2003). Manual for the ASEBA Adult Forms & Profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, and Families.
Achenbach, T.M., Newhouse, P.A., & Rescorla, L.A. (2004). Manual for the ASEBA Older Adult Forms & Profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, and Families.
Ali, N., & Cagle, S. (2014). Psychological Health in Adults with Morquio Syndrome. JIMD Reports, 20, 87-93. doi: 10.1007/8904_2014_396
Almeida, O.P., &. Almeida, S.A. (1999). Confiabilidade da versão brasileira da Escala de Depressão em Geriatria (GDS) versão reduzida. Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria, 57(2B): 421-426. doi: 10.1590/S0004-282X1999000300013
Baiyewu, O., Yusuf, A. J., & Ogundele, A. (2015). Depression in elderly people living in rural Nigeria and its association with perceived health, poverty, and social network. International Psychogeriatrics, 12, 1-7.
Bordin, I. A., Rocha, M. M., Paula, C. S., Teixeira, M. C. T. V., Achenbach, T. M., Rescorla, L. A., & Silvares, E. F. M.. (2013). Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), Youth Self-Report (YSR) and Teacher's Report Form (TRF): an overview of the development of the original and Brazilian versions. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 29(1), 13-28. doi: 10.1590/S0102-311X2013000100004
Brigidi, B. D., Achenbach, T. M., Dumenci, L., & Newhouse, P. A. (2010). Broad spectrum assessment of psychopathology and adaptive functioning with the Older Adult Behavior Checklist: a validation and diagnostic discrimination study. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 25(11), 1177-1185. doi: 10.1002/gps.2459
Cartaxo, H. G., Gaudêncio, M. M. P., & da Silva Lacerda, G. (2011). Caracterização de idosos sintomáticos ou portadores de afecções neuropsiquiátricas segundo cuidadores familiares. Cogitare Enfermagem, 16(2), 319-325. doi: 10.5380/ce.v16i2.21821
Chaves, M. L. F., & Izquierdo, I. (1992), Differential diagnosis between dementia and depression: a study of efficiency increment. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 85, 378-382. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0404.1992.tb06032.x
Emerich, D. R., Rocha, M. M., & Silvares, E. F. M. (2010). Estudo de validação preliminar do "Inventário dos Comportamentos de Crianças e Adolescentes de 6 a 18 anos" (CBCL/6-18), versão brasileira do Child Behavior Checklist. Projeto de Pesquisa submetido ao Comitê de Ética em Pesquisas com Seres Humanos do Instituto de Psicologia da Universidade de São Paulo.
Hayden, K. M., Reed, B. R., Manly, J. J., Tommet, D., Pietrzak, R. H., Chelune, G. J., ... & Jones, R. N. (2011). Cognitive decline in the elderly: an analysis of population heterogeneity. Age and ageing, 40(6), 684-689. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afr101
Kochhann, R., Varela, J., Lisboa, C.S.M. & Chaves, M.L. (2010). The Mini Mental State Examination Review of cut-off points adjusted for schooling in a large Southern Brazilian sample. Dementia & Neuropsychologia, 4(1), 35-41.
Lai, C. Y., Zauszniewski, J. A., Tang, T. C., Hou, S. Y., Su, S. F., & Lai, P. Y. (2014). Personal beliefs, learned resourcefulness, and adaptive functioning in depressed adults. Journal of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, 21(3), 280-287. doi: 10.1111/jpm.12087
Maruish, M. E. (2004). The use of psychological testing for treatment planning and outcomes assessment. Volume 3: Instruments for adults. Mahwah, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
Novick, D., Hong, J., Montgomery, W., Dueñas, H., Gado, M., & Haro, J. M. (2015). Predictors of remission in the treatment of major depressive disorder: real-world evidence from a 6-month prospective observational study. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 11, 197. doi: 10.2147/NDT.S75498
Rocha, M., Araújo, L. G. S., & Silvares, E. F. M. (2008). Um estudo comparativo entre duas traduções brasileira do Inventário de Auto-Avaliação para Jovens (YSR). Psicologia: Teoria e Prática, 10, 14-24.
Salem, L. C., Vogel, A., Ebstrup, J., Linneberg, A., & Waldemar, G. (2015). Subjective cognitive complaints included in diagnostic evaluation of dementia helps accurate diagnosis in a mixed memory clinic cohort. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 17. doi: 10.1002/gps.4272
Sengupta, P., & Benjamin, A. I. (2015). Prevalence of depression and associated risk factors among the elderly in urban and rural field practice areas of a tertiary care institution in Ludhiana. Indian Journal of Public Health, 59(1), 3. doi: 10.4103/0019-557X.152845
Shahnawaz, Z., Reppermund, S., Brodaty, H., Crawford, J. D., Draper, B., Trollor, J. N., & Sachdev, P. S. (2013). Prevalence and characteristics of depression in mild cognitive impairment: the Sydney Memory and Ageing Study. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 127(5), 394-402. doi: 10.1111/acps.12008
Stoeckel, K. J., & Litwin, H. (2015). The impact of social networks on the relationship between functional impairment and depressive symptoms in older adults. International Psychogeriatrics, 6, 1-9.
Vega, J. N., & Newhouse, P. A. (2014). Mild Cognitive Impairment: diagnosis, longitudinal course, and emerging treatments. Current Psychiatry Reports, 16(10), 1-11. doi: 10.1007/s11920-014-0490-8
Wang, S., & Blazer, D. G. (2015). Depression and cognition in the elderly. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 11, 331-360. doi: 10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032814-112828
Werlang, B. S. G. (2012). Psychological Autopsy: an important strategy for retrospective evaluation. Ciência e Saúde Coletiva, 17(8), 1955-1957. doi: 10.1590/S1413-81232012000800003
The works published in this journal are subject to the following terms:
1. The Publications Service of the University of Murcia (the publisher) retains the property rights (copyright) of published works, and encourages and enables the reuse of the same under the license specified in paragraph 2.
2. The works are published in the online edition of the journal under a Creative Commons Reconocimiento-CompartirIgual 4.0 (legal text). You can copy, use, distribute, transmit and publicly display, provided that: i) you cite the author and the original source of publication (journal, editorial and URL of the work), ii) are not used for commercial purposes, iii ) mentions the existence and specifications of this license.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
3. Conditions of self-archiving. Is allowed and encouraged the authors to disseminate electronically pre-print versions (version before being evaluated and sent to the journal) and / or post-print (version reviewed and accepted for publication) of their works before publication, as it encourages its earliest circulation and diffusion and thus a possible increase in its citation and scope between the academic community. RoMEO Color: Green.