Adapting the Cognitive Triad Inventory for Children Spanish population.

  • Luis M. Lozano Facultad de Psicología Universidad de Granada
  • Inmaculada Valor-Segura
  • Ignacio Pedrosa
  • Javier Suárez-Álvarez
  • Eduardo García-Cueto Universidad de Oviedo
  • Luis Lozano Consejería de Educación y Cultura, Gobierno del Principado de Asturias
Keywords: Depression, cognitive triad, reliability, validity


Depression is one of the mental disorders that concern worldwide. One theory that has attracted more researches is the Beck´s cognitive theory of depression. The Cognitive Triad Inventory (CTI) has been developed to evaluate the different components of the cognitive triad, although most studies had been developed in adult and adolescent population. The aim of this work is to show evidence of factorial validity of the reduced version of the CTI, and the study of the psychometric properties of the inventory in children. In the sample of 3292 children with age between 8 and 13 (M=9.86; SD =1.24), the results showed a better factorial fit with a bifactorial model (positive triad and negative triad). The reliability of the dimensions is good (α=.88 and .92 respectively) and convergent validity evidence is adequate. The inventory was evaluated from the Item Response Theory framework, showing correct properties. Finally the norms of the questionnaire were made addressing the gender differences that were found previously.


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Author Biographies

Luis M. Lozano, Facultad de Psicología Universidad de Granada

Vicedecano de Profesorado

Facultad de Psicología

Universidad de Granada

Eduardo García-Cueto, Universidad de Oviedo

Universidad de Oviedo. Catedrático de Metodología.


Luis Lozano, Consejería de Educación y Cultura, Gobierno del Principado de Asturias
Director de equipos multidisciplinares de la Consejería de Educación del Principado de Asturias y Psicólogo Clínico


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How to Cite
Lozano, L. M., Valor-Segura, I., Pedrosa, I., Suárez-Álvarez, J., García-Cueto, E., & Lozano, L. (2015). Adapting the Cognitive Triad Inventory for Children Spanish population. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 32(1), 158-166.
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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