Rejection and victimization among first graders primary school with education support needs

  • María I. Monjas Universidad de Valladolid. Facultad de Educación y Trabajo Social. Paseo de Belén s/n. 47011 Valladolid
  • Luis J. Martín-Antón Universidad de Valladolid. Facultad de Educación y Trabajo Social. Paseo de Belén s/n. 47011 Valladolid
  • Francisco-Juan García-Bacete Universitat de Castelló
  • María L. Sanchiz Universitat de Castelló
Keywords: peer rejection, educational support needs, victimization, self-concept, social reputation, social competence

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the social rejection and victimization experienced by students with educational support needs compared to their peers. Participants were 1351 first graders primary school, 253 of them (18.7%) were labeled by their teachers as students with educational support needs since they had difficulties which required special and additional educational support. The information has been provided by peers (sociometric typology, social reputation and sociometric rating), teachers (social competence) and the students themselves (victimization and self-competence). The results indicate that students with educational support needs are more rejected, have worse social reputation (more aggressive, more isolated and less prosocial) and their teachers consider they are less competent socially. These students report that they are victimized more often than their peers and they perceive themselves as less competent cognitively and less accepted by their peers. This shows a clear characterization of these students as rejected and excluded. Moreover, the aspects that characterize the profile of rejection are amplified when applied to these students, which highlights the necessity of paying special and careful attention to this group of risk.

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Author Biographies

María I. Monjas, Universidad de Valladolid. Facultad de Educación y Trabajo Social. Paseo de Belén s/n. 47011 Valladolid
PTUN. Departamento de Psicología. Área de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación.
Luis J. Martín-Antón, Universidad de Valladolid. Facultad de Educación y Trabajo Social. Paseo de Belén s/n. 47011 Valladolid
Contratado Doctor. Departamento de Psicología. Área de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación.
Francisco-Juan García-Bacete, Universitat de Castelló
PTUN. Departament de Psicología Evolutiva, Educativa, Social i Metodología. Facultat de Ciències Humanes i Socials. Universitat Jaume I
María L. Sanchiz, Universitat de Castelló
PTUN. Departament de Eucació. Facultat de Ciències Humanes i Socials. Universitat Jaume I
Published
07-04-2014
How to Cite
Monjas, M. I., Martín-Antón, L. J., García-Bacete, F.-J., & Sanchiz, M. L. (2014). Rejection and victimization among first graders primary school with education support needs. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 30(2), 499-511. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.30.2.158211
Section
Developmental and Educational Psychology