La relación entre el malestar psicológico y la identidad profesional en estudiantes de posgrado de enfermería durante el COVID-19: un análi-sis longitudinal cruzado


Palabras clave: Malestar psicológico, Identidad ocupacional, Estudiante de posgrado de enfermería, COVID-19, Análisis longitudinal cruzado


Cada vez hay más evidencia de que la reciente epidemia de que la COVID-19 puede afectar a la salud mental y la identidad profesional de los estudiantes de posgrado en enfermería. Es por ello que el propósito de este estudio fue explorar las trayectorias del estrés psicológico y la identidad ocupacional y examinar su relación causal de dichos estudiantes de posgra-do durante la nueva epidemia. Se llevó a cabo un estudio prospectivo longi-tudinal con 556 estudiantes de posgrado en enfermería en China, a los que se les pidió que completaran los cuestionarios de emergencia de salud pú-blica y el de identidad ocupacional para estudiantes de enfermería en tres etapas del brote (T1 = brote, T2 = aislamiento estatal, T3 = reapertura es-colar). Los resultados mostraron que estrés psicológico y la identidad psico-lógica de los estudiantes universitarios habían cambiado con el tiempo. En T3, la perturbación emocional fue la más baja y la identidad ocupacional la más alta. El análisis de retraso cruzado mostró que la identidad ocupacional de T1 y T2 tenía un efecto predictivo negativo sobre la perturbación psico-lógica de T2 y T3. Conclusión: los educadores de enfermería deberían for-mular programas y estrategias que cultiven la identidad profesional de sus estudiantes a fin de mejorar la salud mental en emergencias públicas.


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Cómo citar
Dong, C., Xu , H., Ren, L., Wang, Y., Yang, Y., & Sun, H. (2023). La relación entre el malestar psicológico y la identidad profesional en estudiantes de posgrado de enfermería durante el COVID-19: un análi-sis longitudinal cruzado. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 39(1), 137–144.
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