La relación entre el malestar psicológico y la identidad profesional en estudiantes de posgrado de enfermería durante el COVID-19: un análisis longitudinal cruzado


Palabras clave: Malestar psicológico, Identidad ocupacional, Estudiante de posgrado de enfermería, COVID-19, Análisis longitudinal cruzado


CCada vez hay más evidencia de que la pandemia de COVID-19 ha tenido un impacto en la salud mental y la identidad profesional de los estudiantes de enfermería. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo explorar las trayectorias de la angustia psicológica y la identidad profesional y examinar su relación causal entre los estudiantes de posgrado en enfermería. Se realizó un estudio longitudinal prospectivo con 556 estudiantes graduados de enfermería en China a quienes se les pidió que completaran los Cuestionarios para Eventos Emergentes de Salud Pública y el Cuestionario de Identidad Profesional para Estudiantes de Enfermería en tres momentos durante la pandemia (T1= inicio del brote, T2= aislamiento en todo el estado, T3= reapertura de la escuela). Los resultados mostraron que la angustia psicológica y la identidad psicológica cambiaron con el tiempo, con la angustia psicológica más baja y la identidad profesional más alta en T3. El análisis cruzado mostró que la identidad profesional en T1 y T2 predijo negativamente la angustia psicológica en T2 y T3. Llegamos a la conclusión de que los educadores de enfermería deben desarrollar programas y estrategias para cultivar la identidad profesional en la educación de posgrado en enfermería para mejorar la salud mental durante las crisis de salud pública.


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Cómo citar
Dong, C., Xu , H., Ren, L., Wang, Y., Yang, Y., & Sun, H. (2023). La relación entre el malestar psicológico y la identidad profesional en estudiantes de posgrado de enfermería durante el COVID-19: un análisis longitudinal cruzado. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 39(1), 137–144.
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