Bullying and depression: the moderating effect of social support, rejection and victimization profile

  • Ascensión Palomares Ruiz Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha. Facultad de Educación de Albacete
  • Arantxa Oteiza-Nascimento IES Alonso Quijano, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid (Spain)
  • Mª Paz Toldos E. Humanidades y Educación, Instituto Tecnológico y E. Superiores, Monterrey (México)
  • Isabel Serrano-Marugán Facultad de Psicología, UNED (Spain)
  • Javier Martín-Babarro Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Complutense (Spain)
Keywords: bullying, victimization, depression, friendship, peer rejection

Abstract

Peer relationships can be shaped as influential factors in the prevalence of bullying episodes. This research aims to analyze the effect of school bullying on the levels of depression of the victims and to what extent it is affected by social support and status in the group and by the profile of victimization. Several hierarchical linear regression analyses were calculated, in a sample of 1063 students aged 10 to 14 (47.8% of girls, M = 11.59 years, SD = 1.21 years), from 10 school of the Region of Madrid. The degree of influence of the studied variables was observed: lack of social support, peer rejection, withdrawal and impulsivity behaviors, and the relationship of all of them with victimization and depression. Findings revealed the influence of the lack of social support on the depression of victimized students. However, peer rejection did not show influence on the levels of depression of the victims. In addition, victimization associated with internalizing characteristics showed a greater association with depression than victimization associated with an externalizing profile.

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Author Biography

Ascensión Palomares Ruiz, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha. Facultad de Educación de Albacete

Doctora en Ciencias de la Educación por la UNED. Catedrática en la Facultad de Educación de Albacete (UCLM). Presidenta de la Asociación Europea `Liderazgo y Calidad de la Educación`, y responsable del grupo de investigación EDUCALIDAD. Coordinadora del Departamento de Pedagogía en la Facultad. Su perfil docente e investigador se centra en Educación Inclusiva, Acoso escolar, Formación y compentencias docentes, Liderazgo y calidad d ela educación.

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Published
24-12-2018
How to Cite
Palomares Ruiz, A., Oteiza-Nascimento, A., Toldos, M. P., Serrano-Marugán, I., & Martín-Babarro, J. (2018). Bullying and depression: the moderating effect of social support, rejection and victimization profile. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 35(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.35.1.301241
Section
Clinical and Health Psychology