The Treatment of Acquiescence and the Factorial Structure of the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) in Mexican and Chilean University Students

  • Carlos Alejandro Hidalgo-Rasmussen Unversidad de Guadalajara, México; Universidad de Playa Ancha, Chile
  • Fabiola González-Betanzos Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo
Keywords: Resiliency, Acquiescence, Confirmatory factor analysis, Cross-validation, University students


The aim of this study was to evaluate the factorial structure of the Spanish version of Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) considering the acquiescence bias (tendency to respond for one side of the scale) in a large sample of Mexican university students (N=1572) and a cross-validation of the same models with Chilean university students (N=1345). Six models are compared using Factorial Confirmatory Analysis, in three of them different method factors are used to treat acquiescence. The results show that in Mexican students a better fit is observed in these models especially in the model of a general factor called Resilience that has two factors of method (c2 =32.22, gl=7, p < .001, NFI= .98, GFI = .99, RMSEA = .048), while in the Chilean students the models that do not use factors to deal with acquiescence are the ones of better fit, specifically the models of two correlated factors and also the model to which a factor of second order is added (c2 =34.66, gl=8, p < .001, NFI= .98, GFI = .99, RMSEA = .05). The acquiescence affects each of the samples used differently, so it is important to analyze the presence of response styles associated with acquiescence.

Author Biographies

Carlos Alejandro Hidalgo-Rasmussen, Unversidad de Guadalajara, México; Universidad de Playa Ancha, Chile
Profesor Investigador 

Responsable del Centro de Investigación en Riesgos y Calidad de Vida (CIRCAV)


Miembro del Sistema Nacional de Investigadores

Profesor Investigador

Departamento de Promoción, Preservación y Desarrollo de la Salud

División de Ciencias de la Salud

Centro Universitario del Sur

Universidad de Guadalajara

Tel of 52-341-5752222 ext 46114


Risk and Quality of Life Research Center Responsable

Fabiola González-Betanzos, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo

Facultad de Psicología

Profesor Investigador 


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How to Cite
Hidalgo-Rasmussen, C., & González-Betanzos, F. (2018). The Treatment of Acquiescence and the Factorial Structure of the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) in Mexican and Chilean University Students. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 35(1), 26-32.
Clinical and Health Psychology