SELF-ESTEEM AND REINFORCEMENT IN CHILDREN FROM 10 TO 11 YEARS, STUDENTS OF A SCHOOL OF HIGH RISK
AbstractThis article describes the results of an quasi-experimental investigation, of experimental and control group with pretest – postest, that had like purpose to test a processing based on a variable interval reinforcement program, whose purpose was to modify the school self-esteem in children from 10 to 11 years, defined as of “high risk” by presenting high courses repetition indices, absenteeism and desertion, that are students of the school La Bandera, E - 97, school of municipal administration, belonging to the commune of Antofagasta, Chile. Having as preceding the level of measured self-esteem with the test of Aysén, before initiating the processing, the experimental group modifies its self-esteem to finalize the processing diminishing to zero the percentage of students with low self-esteem and increasing from 12,8% to 20,5% the high rank self-esteem group. In turn, the group control presents a 7,7% in the group of children with low self-esteem and a decrease from 20,5 to 15,4% the students that are located in the upper rank of selfesteem. Nevertheless, the results were not significant to a level of 95% of confidence.
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