SELF-ESTEEM AND REINFORCEMENT IN CHILDREN FROM 10 TO 11 YEARS, STUDENTS OF A SCHOOL OF HIGH RISK

  • Pedro Ramírez Peradotto
  • Juan Duarte Vargas
  • Roxina Muñoz Valdivia
Keywords: school self-esteem, students of high risk, municipal teaching, basic education, method of teaching, theory of the reinforcement

Abstract

This article describes the results of an quasi-experimental investigation, of experimental and control group with pretest – postest, that had like purpose to test a processing based on a variable interval reinforcement program, whose purpose was to modify the school self-esteem in children from 10 to 11 years, defined as of “high risk” by presenting high courses repetition indices, absenteeism and desertion, that are students of the school La Bandera, E - 97, school of municipal administration, belonging to the commune of Antofagasta, Chile. Having as preceding the level of measured self-esteem with the test of Aysén, before initiating the processing, the experimental group modifies its self-esteem to finalize the processing diminishing to zero the percentage of students with low self-esteem and increasing from 12,8% to 20,5% the high rank self-esteem group. In turn, the group control presents a 7,7% in the group of children with low self-esteem and a decrease from 20,5 to 15,4% the students that are located in the upper rank of selfesteem. Nevertheless, the results were not significant to a level of 95% of confidence.

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Author Biographies

Pedro Ramírez Peradotto
Universidad Antofagasta Chile
Juan Duarte Vargas
Universidad Antofagasta Chile
Roxina Muñoz Valdivia
Escuela Municipal "La Bandera" Chile
How to Cite
Ramírez Peradotto, P., Duarte Vargas, J., & Muñoz Valdivia, R. (1). SELF-ESTEEM AND REINFORCEMENT IN CHILDREN FROM 10 TO 11 YEARS, STUDENTS OF A SCHOOL OF HIGH RISK. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 21(1), 102-115. Retrieved from https://revistas.um.es/analesps/article/view/27211
Section
Developmental and Educational Psychology