Parental attachment in childhood and quality of the romantic relationships of young adults: the mediating effect of adult attachment

  • Jose L. Martínez-Álvarez Universidad de Salamanca
  • Antonio Fuertes-Martín Universidad de Salamanca
  • Begoña Orgaz-Baz Universidad de Salamanca
  • Isabel Vicario-Molina Becaria de Investigación
  • Eva González-Ortega Universidad de Salamanca
Keywords: Childhood attachment, romantic relationship, adult attachment, quality of the relationship.

Abstract

This paper has two main aims: firstly, to explore the relationship between parental attachment in childhood and perceived quality of romantic relationships in youth; secondly, to assess the possible mediating effect of adult attachment in the romantic relationship. A total of 133 heterosexual couples (ages 17-25) voluntarily participated in the study. An online questionnaire was applied to both partners to evaluate the quality of the relationships with the father and the mother in childhood, the attachment to partner (Anxiety-Avoidance), and the perceived quality of the romantic relationship. The results showed significant positive associations between parental attachment in childhood and the quality of the romantic relationship, which were mediated by the adult attachment to partner. Furthermore, negative associations were detected between anxiety and avoidance of each partner and their own relational experience (and the other’s relational experience, in some cases). These results are discussed in terms of attachment theory and their significance to the quality of the romantic relationship.

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Author Biographies

Jose L. Martínez-Álvarez, Universidad de Salamanca

Profesor Titular de Universidad.

Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación.

Antonio Fuertes-Martín, Universidad de Salamanca

Catedrático de Universidad.

Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación.

Begoña Orgaz-Baz, Universidad de Salamanca

Profesora Titular de Universidad

Departamento de Psicología Básica, Psicobiología y Metodología de las Ciencias del Comportamiento

Isabel Vicario-Molina, Becaria de Investigación

Becaria de Investigación

Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación.

Eva González-Ortega, Universidad de Salamanca

Profesora Asociada

Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación.

 

Published
19-12-2013
How to Cite
Martínez-Álvarez, J. L., Fuertes-Martín, A., Orgaz-Baz, B., Vicario-Molina, I., & González-Ortega, E. (2013). Parental attachment in childhood and quality of the romantic relationships of young adults: the mediating effect of adult attachment. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 30(1), 211-220. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.30.1.135051
Section
Developmental and Educational Psychology