Metodología para la Alfabetización Espacial-Visual (MSVL) en Educación Patrimonial

Aplicación en la formación docente y perspectivas interdisciplinarias

  • Anna Lobovikov-Katz Israel Institute of Technology


La Conservación del Patrimonio Cultural (CCH) es un campo interdisciplinario, que comprende artes, artesanía, arquitectura, humanidades, TICs (Tecnología de la información) y STEM (Ciencia, Tecnología, Ingeniería, Matemáticas). Varias décadas de investigación han demostrado la importancia tanto de de las habilidades espaciales, como de la alfabetización espacial para el éxito en STEM.

Una parte importante del patrimonio cultural es visual y tridimensional. Se necesita un nivel suficiente de comprensión espacial, así como habilidades espaciales para poder comprender, estudiar y preservar el patrimonio cultural. La visualización, es especialmente útil para enseñar y aprender el patrimonio desde un punto de vista interdisciplinar. Sin embargo, aún no se ha aceptado por parte de expertos y educadores en patrimonnio la necesidad de desarrollar la alfabetización visual espacial y la adquisición de conocimientos teóricos relevantes sobre la misma.

Este trabajo presenta una metodología innovadora para desarrollar la alfabetización visual espacial (MSVL, por sus siglas en inglés), una herramienta crucial para la conservación y la educación del patrimonio, y perspectivas seleccionadas de su factibilidad y aplicabilidad a la capacitación docente, así como usos interdisciplinarios más amplios.

El documento aborda una selección de ejemplos de aplicación de algunos elementos de la Metodología como parte de investigaciones previas y escenarios educativos con diferentes objetivos y audiencias distintas, desde estudiantes de secundaria, bachillerato o doctorado, hasta expertos de diferentes áreas de experiencia dentro de la conservación del patrimonio, buscando facilitar su uso en la formación docente en educación patrimonial.


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