Metodología para la Alfabetización Espacial-Visual (MSVL) en Educación Patrimonial

Aplicación en la formación docente y perspectivas interdisciplinarias

  • Anna Lobovikov-Katz Israel Institute of Technology

Resumen

La Conservación del Patrimonio Cultural (CCH) es un campo interdisciplinario, que comprende artes, artesanía, arquitectura, humanidades, TICs (Tecnología de la información) y STEM (Ciencia, Tecnología, Ingeniería, Matemáticas). Varias décadas de investigación han demostrado la importancia tanto de de las habilidades espaciales, como de la alfabetización espacial para el éxito en STEM.

Una parte importante del patrimonio cultural es visual y tridimensional. Se necesita un nivel suficiente de comprensión espacial, así como habilidades espaciales para poder comprender, estudiar y preservar el patrimonio cultural. La visualización, es especialmente útil para enseñar y aprender el patrimonio desde un punto de vista interdisciplinar. Sin embargo, aún no se ha aceptado por parte de expertos y educadores en patrimonnio la necesidad de desarrollar la alfabetización visual espacial y la adquisición de conocimientos teóricos relevantes sobre la misma.

Este trabajo presenta una metodología innovadora para desarrollar la alfabetización visual espacial (MSVL, por sus siglas en inglés), una herramienta crucial para la conservación y la educación del patrimonio, y perspectivas seleccionadas de su factibilidad y aplicabilidad a la capacitación docente, así como usos interdisciplinarios más amplios.

El documento aborda una selección de ejemplos de aplicación de algunos elementos de la Metodología como parte de investigaciones previas y escenarios educativos con diferentes objetivos y audiencias distintas, desde estudiantes de secundaria, bachillerato o doctorado, hasta expertos de diferentes áreas de experiencia dentro de la conservación del patrimonio, buscando facilitar su uso en la formación docente en educación patrimonial.

Citas

Alberti, L. B.: (1935). Ten books on architecture. The Academy of Architecture of the USSR, Moscow MCMXXXV (Леон Баттиста Альберти: Десять Книг о Зодчестве, Издательство Всесоюзной Академии Архитектуры, Москва
Alberti, Leon Battista (2011). On Painting. (A new translation and critical edition). Cambridge University Press, May 9, 2011
Croft, F.M., Jr. (2005). The Need (?) for Descriptive Geometry in a World of 3D Modeling, The Journal of Polish Society for Geometry and Engineering Graphics, Vol. 15, 39-45
Crowley, M. (1987). The van Hiele Model of the development of geometric thought, In Learning and teaching geometry, K-12, 1987 Yearbook of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, ed.: Mary Montgomery Lindquist, pp. 1-16, Reston, Va.: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics
Grieseking, J. J. (2013). Where We Go From Here: The Mental Sketch Mapping Method and Its Analytic Components, Qualitative Inquiry 19(9) 712–724
Hazan, S., Lobovikov-Katz, A., (2017). The Willing Suspension of Disbelief: The Tangible and the Intangible of Heritage Education in E-learning and Virtual Museums, Chapter in Mixed Reality and Gamification for Cultural Heritage, Eds.: Ioannides, M., ‎ Magnenat-Thalmann, N., Papagiannakis, G., Springer-Nature https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49607-8_22
Kazmi, IK., You, L., Zhang, JJ., (2014). A Survey of Sketch Based Modeling Systems.: 11th International Conference on Computer Graphics, Imaging and Visualization (CGIV)
Kondo, K. (2009). Interactive Geometric Modeling Using Freehand Sketches. Journal for Geometry and Graphics 13, No. 2, 195-207
Lobovikov-Katz A., Martins J., Ioannides M., Sojref D., Degrigny C. (2018) Interdisciplinarity of Cultural Heritage Conservation Making and Makers: Through Diversity Towards Compatibility of Approaches. In: Ioannides M. et al. (eds) Digital Heritage. Progress in Cultural Heritage: Documentation, Preservation, and Protection. EuroMed 2018. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 11196. Springer, Cham https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-01762-0_55
Lobovikov-Katz, A., (2017). Basic Visual Disciplines in Heritage Conservation: Outline of Selected Perspectives in Teaching and Learning, The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, Volume XLII-2/W5, 2017, 26th International CIPA Symposium 2017, 28 August–01 September 2017, Ottawa, Canada https://www.int-arch-photogramm-remote-sens-spatial-inf-sci.net/XLII-2-W5/459/2017/isprs-archives-XLII-2-W5-459-2017.pdf
Lobovikov-Katz, A., (2015). The virtual and the real: e-learning in interdisciplinary education – the case of cultural heritage, The 13th Annual MEITAL National Conference "New Technologies and Their Evaluation in Online Teaching and Learning" Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, 2015 http://meital.iucc.ac.il/conf2015/papers15/A3_3.pdf
Lobovikov-Katz, A., (2016)a. “Human” technology in the digital era: freehand images and analysis of cultural heritage – the know-how and its applications, Chapter in Ioannides,M., ‎ Fink,E., ‎ Moropoulou,A.,Hagedorn-Saupe, M., Fresa, A.,Rajcic, V., Grussenmeyer, P. (Eds.), Digital Heritage. Progress in Cultural Heritage: Documentation, Preservation, and Protection Volume 10058 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 337-349, Springer https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48496-9_27
Lobovikov-Katz, A., Bueno G., Marcos, V., Martins, J., Sojref, D., (2016)b. Training schools for conservation of cultural heritage: between expertise, management and education, Chapter in Ioannides,M., ‎Fink,E., ‎ Moropoulou,A., Hagedorn-Saupe, M., Fresa, A.,Rajcic, V., Grussenmeyer, P. (Eds.), Digital Heritage. Progress in Cultural Heritage: Documentation, Preservation, and Protection Volume 10058 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 880-890, Springer https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48496-9_71
Lobovikov-Katz, A., Moropoulou, A., Konstanti, A., Ortiz Calderón, P., Van Grieken, R., Worth, S., Cassar, JA, De Angelis, R., Biscontin, G., Izzo, F., (2014). Tangible Versus Intangible in e-Learning on Cultural Heritage: from Online Learning to on-Site Study of Historic sites: in M. Ioannindes et al. (eds.): Digital Heritage. Progress in Cultural Heritage: Documentation, Preservation and Protection, LNCS 8740, pp 819-828, Springer https://doi.org/10.1007%2F978-3-319-13695-0_84
Lobovikov-Katz, A. (ed.) (2012). ELAICH (Educational Linkage Approach in Cultural Heritage) Manual. Technion, Haifa
Lobovikov-Katz A., (2009). Heritage Education for Heritage Conservation (Contribution of Educational Codes to Study of Deterioration of Natural Building Stone in Historic Monuments), Strain - An International Journal for Experimental Mechanics, Volume 45, Issue 5, pp 480–484, October 2009 https://doi/abs/10.1111/j.1475-1305.2008.00569.x
Lobovikov-Katz A., (2006). The correlation between the technological and conservation aspects and those of urban appearance in a stone-built environment: an evaluation approach, Chapter 4.2 in "Fracture and Failure of Natural Building Stones – Applications in the Restoration of the Ancient Monuments", Kourkoulis S. (ed.) Springer, 201-215 (2006) https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-5077-0_13
Lobovikov-Katz, A. (2008). Freehand sketching in the contemporary conservation of monu-ments, Water and Cultural Heritage, Zezza, F., Perthuisot, V., Plancon, A. (eds.), Pro-ceedings, 7th International Symposium on the Conservation of Monuments in the Mediterranean Basin, June 2007 - Orleans, France
Lobovikov-Katz A. (2000). Technical Aspects of Stone Conservation in Jerusalem, Proceedings, Vol. II, 9th International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation of Stone, Venice, June 19-24, 2000, pp.897-902, Elsevier
Nemeth, B., (2007). Measurement of the development of spatial ability by Mental Cutting Test, Annales Mathematicae et Informaticae, 34 pp. 123-128
Newcombe, N. (2010). Picture this: increasing math and science learning by improving spatial thinking, American Educator
Olsen, L., Samavati, F., Sousa, M. C., Jorge J., (2008). A Taxonomy of Modeling Techniques using Sketch-Based Interfaces. Eurographics state of the art reports 1 (1.4)
Olsen L., Samavati F., Sousa M. C., Jorge J. (2009). Sketch-based modeling: A survey. Computers & Graphics. 33, 85-103
Sorby, S. A., (2009). Educational Research in Developing 3-D Spatial Skills for Engineering Students, International Journal of Science Education, 31: 3, 459 - 480
Stachel, H. (2013). Descriptive Geometry – vision guided spatial reasoning. Lecture. Politecnico di Milano: The visual language of technique, between science and art. Heritage and expectations in research and teaching
Swedberg, R. (2016). Can You Visualize Theory? On the Use of Visual Thinking in Theory Pictures, Theorizing Diagrams, and Visual Sketches, Sociological Theory, American Sociological Association 2016, Vol. 34(3) 250–275
Tsutsumi, E., (2004). Mental Cutting Test using drawings of intersections, Journal for Geometry and Graphics, 8, 117–126
Vasari, G. (1960). Vasari On Technique: Being the Introduction to the Three Arts of Design, Architecture, Sculpture and Painting, Prefixed to the Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors and Architects. New York: Dover
Publicado
25-01-2019