¿Las experiencias deportivas predicen la cohesión del equipo en atletas jóvenes?

Palabras clave: ambiente grupal; Desarrollo juvenil; Adolescentes; Deporte.

Resumen

Resumen

Este estudio transversal tuvo como objetivo examinar la asociación entre las experiencias deportivas y la percepción de cohesión del equipo según el sexo entre los jóvenes atletas recreativos brasileños. Los participantes fueron 253 atletas jóvenes con una edad promedio de 12.97 ± 0.98 años. Los atletas representaron los siguientes deportes: fútbol sala (n = 20); baloncesto (n = 62); balonmano (n = 123) y; Voleibol (n = 48). Los instrumentos utilizados fueron la Encuesta de Experiencia Juvenil para el Deporte (P-YES-S) y el Cuestionario sobre el Ambiente del Deporte Juvenil (P-YSEQ). La prueba t de muestra independiente reveló una diferencia significativa entre los sexos en las dimensiones de las habilidades personales (p = 0.02) y la cohesión de tareas (p = 0.02). Se encontraron las siguientes correlaciones significativas para las niñas: cohesión de tareas con habilidades personales (r = 0,48), experiencias de iniciativa (r = 0,37); y cohesión social con habilidades personales (r = 0,41), habilidades cognitivas (r = 0,43) y experiencias de iniciativa (r = 0,32). Para los niños, se encontraron las siguientes correlaciones: Cohesión de la tarea con habilidades personales (r = 0.19), Experiencias de la iniciativa (r = 0.42) y Experiencias negativas (r = -0.22); y Cohesión social con habilidades personales (r = 0.18) y experiencias de iniciativa (r = 0.30). El análisis de regresión múltiple indicó que las experiencias deportivas son factores predictivos significativos de la tarea (R2 = 0.21; F = 17.838; p <0.01) y la cohesión social (R2 = 0.10; F = 7.440; p <0.01). Se puede concluir que las experiencias deportivas positivas pueden predecir la cohesión social y de tareas entre los atletas jóvenes.

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Biografía del autor/a

José Roberto Andrade do Nascimento Junior, Federal University of Vale do São Francisco
osé Roberto Andrade do Nascimento Junior has a degree in Physical Education from the State University of Maringá (2009), Specialization in Sports Training by the University Center of Maringá (2010), Master (2010-2011) and Doctorate (2012-2015) in Physical Education by UEM / UEL Associate Graduate Program. He holds a Doctorate in Sandwich as a Visiting Researcher in Sports Studies in the field of Sports Psychology at the University of Stirling / Scotland-UK (2014). Currently Associate Professor A of the Federal University of the Valley of São Francisco (Univasf) in an exclusive dedication, ministering the disciplines of Sports Psychology, Psychology of Education and Psychology of Human Relations. Permanent Professor of the Graduate Program (Master's Degree) in Physical Education and the Graduate Program in Psychology (Master's) from Univasf. Vice-coordinator of the Postgraduate Program (Master degree) in Physical Education at Univasf. Coordinator of the Degree in Physical Education in the distance modality of Univasf. He is a reviewer of the following periodicals: Perceptual and Motor Skills, Motor: Physical Education Journal, Brazilian Journal of Physical Education and Sports, Brazilian Journal of Sports Sciences, Brazilian Journal of Cineanthropometry and Human Performance, Physical Education Journal / UEM, Psychology (Natal) and Psychology: Science and Profession. He has published more than 100 complete articles in national and international journals and 3 book chapters. Leader of the Group of Studies in Sports and Exercise Psychology (GEPEEX) CNPQ / UNIVASF. Member of the Group of Studies of Psychology of the Sport and Human Performance CNPq / UEM and of the Group of Study and Research in Genetics and Exercise (GEPEGENE) CNPQ / UNIVASF. He works in the area of ​​Physical Education. In his Lattes curriculum the most frequent terms in the contextualization of scientific, technological and artistic-cultural production are: Psychology of Sport and Exercise, Psychometry, Aging, Physical Exercise and Sport.  

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Publicado
12-09-2019
Sección
Psicología del Deporte