Guidelines for Reporting Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses

  • María Rubio-Aparicio Department of Basic Psychology & Methodology, University of Murcia
  • Julio Sánchez-Meca Department of Basic Psychology & Methodology, University of Murcia
  • Fulgencio Marín-Martínez Department of Basic Psychology & Methodology, University of Murcia
  • José Antonio López-López Department of Population Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol
Keywords: Meta-analysis, research synthesis, effect size, research quality


Meta-analysis is an essential methodology that allows researchers to synthesize the scientific evidence available on a given research question. Due to its wide applicability in most applied research fields, it is really important that meta-analyses be written and reported appropriately. In this paper we propose some guidelines to report the results of a meta-analysis in a scientific journal as Annals of Psychology. Concretely, the structure for reporting a meta-analysis following its different stages is detailed. In addition, some recommendations related to the usual tasks when conducting a meta-analysis are provided. A recent meta-analysis focused on the psychological field is used to illustrate the guidelines proposed. Finally, some concluding remarks are presented. 


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How to Cite
Rubio-Aparicio, M., Sánchez-Meca, J., Marín-Martínez, F., & López-López, J. A. (2018). Guidelines for Reporting Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 34(2), 412-420.