Efecto de las metas de logro y las estructuras de metas de clase 3x2 en la motivación autodeterminada: un análisis multinivel en educación secundaria

Autores/as

  • Antonio Méndez-Giménez Universidad de Oviedo
  • José Antonio Cecchini-Estrada Universidad de Oviedo
  • David Méndez-Alonso Universidad de Oviedo
  • José Antonio Prieto-Saborit Universidad de Oviedo
  • Javier Fernández-Río Universidad de Oviedo
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.34.1.262131
Palabras clave: orientación de meta personal, clima motivacional, modelos multinivel, educación secundaria

Resumen

El estudio afronta dos objetivos: (a) examinar la validez de constructo del Cuestionario de Estructuras de Meta de Clase-3x2, y (b) analizar conjuntamente la influencia de las estructuras de metas de clase y las metas de logro 3x2 en la motivación autodeterminada del alumnado de secundaria. Participaron 2284 estudiantes (51,6% varones y 48,4% mujeres) de 12-17 años (M=14.31 años; DT =1.15), distribuidos en 148 clases. Los resultados del análisis factorial confirmatorio apoyaron el modelo hipotético. La validez y consistencia interna del cuestionario fueron satisfactorias. Los resultados de los modelos lineales jerárquicos proporcionaron apoyo a los modelos directo, indirecto y de interacción. Respecto a efectos directos, la estructura de aproximación-yo, y las metas de aproximación-yo y aproximación-tarea fueron predictores positivos de la motivación autodeterminada, mientras que la estructura de aproximación-otro, y las metas de aproximación-otro y evitación-tarea fueron predictores negativos. En cuanto a efectos indirectos, los resultados revelaron que las tres metas de aproximación y la de evitación-tarea eran mediadores parciales de la relación entre la estructura de aproximación-yo y la motivación autodeterminada, mientras que las metas de aproximación-otro lo eran en la relación con su estructura correspondiente. Respecto a la interacción, la relación entre las metas de aproximación-tarea y la autodeterminación varió en función de la estructura de aproximación-otro.

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Biografía del autor/a

Antonio Méndez-Giménez, Universidad de Oviedo

Departamento de Ciencias de la Educación

Profesor de Universidad

José Antonio Cecchini-Estrada, Universidad de Oviedo

Catedrático de Universidad

Citas

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Publicado
15-12-2017
Cómo citar
Méndez-Giménez, A., Cecchini-Estrada, J. A., Méndez-Alonso, D., Prieto-Saborit, J. A., & Fernández-Río, J. (2017). Efecto de las metas de logro y las estructuras de metas de clase 3x2 en la motivación autodeterminada: un análisis multinivel en educación secundaria. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 34(1), 52-62. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.34.1.262131
Número
Sección
Psicología evolutiva y de la educación