Metasíntesis sobre la aplicación de principios de Ingeniería de Software en el desarrollo de plataformas de tecnología educativa

Autores/as

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/riite.463421
Palabras clave: Tecnología Educativa, Integración Tecnológica, Tecnologías de la Información, Sistemas de Información, Diseño Instruccional

Resumen

Debido a la creciente presencia de la tecnología digital en los entornos educativos formales, las aplicaciones digitales que apoyan los procesos de enseñanza-aprendizaje son cada día más sofisticados y los docentes están tomando parte activa en el diseño de esas aplicaciones. Uno de los aspectos que más ha evolucionado es el desarrollo de software para el diseño de plataformas de tecnología educativa. Este aspecto ha sido motivo de diversas investigaciones científicas, pero no existen publicaciones que den cuenta de cómo han sido considerados los principios de la Ingeniería de Software por parte de los docentes en el desarrollo de software para el diseño de plataformas de tecnología educativa. Para cumplir con lo anterior, se realizó una revisión sistemática de la literatura especializada publicada en los últimos cinco años con el método de investigación documental propio de la metasíntesis. La obtención de información se realizó en las bases de datos científicos Springer Link, Science Direct, ERIC y CONRICyT con la siguiente fórmula: "Software Engineering" AND ("Instructional Design" OR "Educational Technology"). Fueron analizados en total 69 artículos escritos en inglés o español. Tras una interpretación hermenéutica de los resultados, el hallazgo más relevante sugiere que, aunque los principios de Ingeniería de Software sí son contemplados y aplicados por la mayoría de los docentes, existe una brecha entre la teoría y la práctica referente a la tecnología educativa, misma que deriva de la complejidad de empatar la pedagogía con el desarrollo tecnológico. Finalmente, se sugiere el desarrollo de un modelo que facilite aplicar los principios de la Ingeniería de Software en el proceso de diseño de las plataformas, que a su vez facilitaría el proceso de desarrollo de software educativo.

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Biografía del autor/a

Mauricio Arturo Ibarra-Corona, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro

Ingeniero de Software egresado de la Facultad de Informática de la Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro y con el grado de Maestro en Sistemas de Información por parte de la misma universidad. Se desempeña como docente e investigador en las áreas de desarrollo web, ingeniería de software y programación. Actualmente, cursa el Doctorado en Innovación en Tecnología Educativa, siguiendo líneas de investigación relativas a la ingeniería de software, desarrollo de web, arquitectura de software y desarrollo de tecnología educativa.

Alexandro Escudero-Nahón, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro

Doctor en Educación por la Universidad de Barcelona. Pertenece al Sistema Nacional de Investigadores en el Nivel 1 del Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología de México (CONACyT). Es profesor investigador de tiempo completo en la Facultad de Informática de la Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro. Coordina el Comité de Investigación y Posgrados en Tecnología Educativa de la Red LaTE México, que es una Red Temática CONACyT.

Citas

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Publicado
01-06-2021
Cómo citar
Ibarra-Corona, M. A. ., & Escudero-Nahón, A. (2021). Metasíntesis sobre la aplicación de principios de Ingeniería de Software en el desarrollo de plataformas de tecnología educativa. Revista Interuniversitaria de Investigación en Tecnología Educativa, (10), 62–75. https://doi.org/10.6018/riite.463421
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