Percepciones de los residentes sobre el turismo deportivo: impactos, calidad de vida y apoyo al sector

Palabras clave: Percepciones residentes, turismo deportivo, calidad de vida, impacto social, apoyo

Resumen

El sector del turismo deportivo recibe cada vez una mayor atención por parte de los distintos agentes sociales, teniendo un alto impacto en distintas esferas de la sociedad. El turismo no sólo afecta a las actitudes de los residentes hacia su desarrollo, sino también a su calidad de vida en general. Una vez que una comunidad o población se convierte en un destino turístico, la calidad de vida de los residentes locales se ve afectada por el desarrollo del mismo. Por consiguiente, es relevante conocer cuáles son las percepciones de los residentes respecto al impacto que causa el turismo deportivo. Por ello, el objetivo del presente estudio es analizar las percepciones de los residentes de Gran Canaria hacia los efectos del turismo deportivo, en ámbitos como su impacto, la calidad de vida y el apoyo al sector. Los resultados del estudio indican que, a mayores niveles de percepción positivos de los residentes sobre los impactos sociales, culturales, ambientales y económicos, hay un mayor apoyo hacia el desarrollo del turismo. Por otra parte, también se produce un efecto mediador significativo de la variable calidad de vida de los residentes, entre la relación de impactos percibidos y el apoyo al desarrollo del turismo activo y deportivo en Gran Canaria. Estos resultados posibilitan un mejor entendimiento de la perspectiva que los residentes tienen hacía el sector turístico deportivo, algo que puede ayudar a orientar futuras decisiones sobre la práctica, desarrollo y planificación del turismo deportivo.

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.

Citas

Almeida-García, F., Balbuena-Vázquez, A., y Cortes-Macías, R. (2015). Resident's attitudes towards the impacts of tourism. Tourism Management Perspectives, 13, 33-40. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmp.2014.11.002

Andereck, K. L., y Nyaupane, G. P. (2011). Exploring the nature of tourism and quality of life perceptions among residents. Journal of Travel Research, 50(3), 248-260. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0047287510362918

Andereck, K. L., y Vogt, C. A. (2000). The relationship between residents’ attitudes toward tourism and tourism development options. Journal of Travel research, 39(1), 27-36. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/004728750003900104

Andereck, K. L., Valentine, K. M., Knopf, R. C., y Vogt, C. A. (2005). Residents’ perceptions of community tourism impacts. Annals of tourism research, 32(4), 1056-1076. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2005.03.001

Añó, V. (2011). La Organización de Eventos y Competiciones Deportivas. Valencia: Universidad de Valencia.

Ap, J., y Crompton, J. L. (1998). Developing and testing a tourism impact scale. Journal of Travel Research, 37(2), 120-130. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/004728759803700203

Baron, R. M., y Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator–mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173-1182. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.51.6.1173

Bartolomé, A., Ramos, V., y Rey-Maquieira, J. (2009). Residents' Attitudes Towards Diversification Sports Tourism in the Balearics. Tourism Recreation Research, 34(1), 55-65. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02508281.2009.11081575

Brida, J. G., Del Chiappa, G., Meleddu, M., y Pulina, M. (2014). A comparison of residents' perceptions in two cruise ports in the Mediterranean Sea. International Journal of Tourism Research, 16(2), 180-190. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/jtr.1915

Colmenares, L. (2008). La actitud de los residentes: factor clave en el desarrollo de un nuevo destino. Revista Scientia Unellezea, 3(1), 43-79.

Cooper, C. (1995). Strategic planning for sustainable tourism: the case of the offshore islands of the UK. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 3(4), 191-209. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09669589509510726

Chandralal, K. (2010). Impacts of tourism and community attitudes towards tourism: A case study in Sri Lanka. South Asian Journal of Tourism and Heritage, 3(2), 41–49.

Chen, S. C., y Raab, C. (2009). Measuring resident reactions to community tourism development: A pilot study of a new conceptual framework. Proceedings of the Hospitality and Tourism Management International CHRIE Conference, University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Recuperado en: https://scholarworks.umass.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1202&context=refereed

Fernández-Muñoz, J. J., y García-González, J. M. (2017). El análisis de mediación a través de la macro/interfaz Process para SPSS. REIRE Revista d’Innovació i Recerca en Educació, 10 (2), 79-88. Doi: http://doi.org/10.1344/reire2017.10.218109

Fredline, E. (2005). Host and guest relations and sport tourism. Sport in Society, 8(2), 263-279. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17430430500087328

Fredline, E., Raybould, M., Jago, L., y Deery, M. (2005). Triple bottom line event evaluation: A proposed framework for jolistic event evaluation. En: J. Allen (Ed.), presented at the Event management research conference, Sydney. University of Technology, Sydney.

Gibson, H. (2017). Sport tourism and theory and other developments: some reflections. Journal of Sport & Tourism, 21(2), 153-158. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14775085.2017.1319514

González-García, R. J., Añó-Sanz, V., Parra-Camacho, D., y Calabuig-Moreno, F. (2018). Perception of residents about the impact of sports tourism on the community: Analysis and scale-validation. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 18(1), 149-156. DOI: 10.7752/jpes.2018.01019

González-García, R. J., Parra, D., Añó, V. y Calabuig, F. (2016). Percepción de los residentes sobre el impacto del Mundobasket 2014 en Gran Canaria y apoyo a la celebración de eventos deportivos. Revista Iberoamericana de Psicología del Ejercicio y el Deporte, 11(2), 279-288.

Gursoy, D., Chi, C. G., y Dyer, P. (2010). Locals’ attitudes toward mass and alternative tourism: The case of Sunshine Coast, Australia. Journal of Travel Research, 49(3), 381-394. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0047287509346853

Gursoy, D., Yolal, M., Ribeiro, M. A., y Panosso Netto, A. (2017). Impact of trust on local residents’ mega-event perceptions and their support. Journal of Travel Research, 56(3), 393-406. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0047287516643415

Hair, J.F., Anderson, R.E., Tatham, R.L. y Black, W.C. (2006). Multivariate Data Analysis, 5th ed., Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.

Hao, H., Long, P., y Kleckley, J. (2011). Factors predicting homeowners’ attitudes toward tourism: A case of a coastal resort community. Journal of Travel research, 50(6), 627-640. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0047287510385463

Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to Mediation, Moderation, and Conditional Process Analysis: A Regression-Based Approach. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.

Hritz, N., y Ross, C. (2010). The perceived impacts of sport tourism: An urban host community perspective. Journal of Sport Management, 24(2), 119-138. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1123/jsm.24.2.119

Huh, C., y Vogt, C. A. (2008). Changes in residents' attitudes toward tourism over time: A cohort analytical approach. Journal of Travel Research, 46(4), 446-455. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0047287507308327

Kaplanidou, K. (2012). The importance of legacy outcomes for Olympic Games four summer host cities residents' quality of life: 1996–2008. European Sport Management Quarterly, 12(4), 397-433. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/16184742.2012.693118

Kaplanidou, K., Karadakis, K., Gibson, H., Thapa, B., Walker, M., Geldenhuys, S., y Coetzee, W. (2013). Quality of life, event impacts, and mega-event support among South African residents before and after the 2010 FIFA world cup. Journal of Travel Research, 52(5), 631-645. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0047287513478501

Kerstetter, D. L., y Bricker, K. S. (2012). Relationship between carrying capacity of small island tourism destinations and quality-of-life. En Handbook of tourism and quality-of-life research (pp. 445-462). Springer, Dordrecht.

Kim, K. (2002). The effects of tourism impacts upon quality of life of residents in the community (Tesis doctoral). Virginia Tech. Virginia.

Kim, K., Uysal, M., y Sirgy, M. J. (2013). How does tourism in a community impact the quality of life of community residents?. Tourism Management, 36, 527-540. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2012.09.005

Ko, D. W., y Stewart, W. P. (2002). A structural equation model of residents’ attitudes for tourism development. Tourism Management, 23(5), 521-530. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0261-5177(02)00006-7

Kreag, D. (2001). The Impacts of Tourism. Minnesota: Sea Grant Program.

Krippendorf, J. (1987). Ecological approach to tourism marketing. Tourism Management, 8(2), 174-176. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0261-5177(87)90029-X

Látková, P., y Vogt, C. A. (2012). Residents’ attitudes toward existing and future tourism development in rural communities. Journal of Travel Research, 51(1), 50-67. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/0047287510394193

Lee, T. H. (2013). Influence analysis of community resident support for sustainable tourism development. Tourism Management, 34, 37-46. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2012.03.007

Liburd, J. J., Benckendorff, P., y Carlsen, J. (2012). Tourism and Quality-of-Life: How Does Tourism Measure Up?. En Handbook of Tourism and Quality-of-Life Research (pp. 105-132). Springer, Dordrecht.

Ma, S. C., y Kaplanidou, K. (2017). Legacy perceptions among host Tour de Taiwan residents: the mediating effect of quality of life. Leisure Studies, 36(3), 423-437. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02614367.2015.1128475

Moscardo, G. (2012). Building social capital to enhance the Quality-of-life of destination residents. In Handbook of tourism and quality-of-life research (pp. 403-421). Springer, Dordrecht.

Müller, M. (2012). Popular perception of urban transformation through megaevents: understanding support for the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 30(4), 693-711. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1068/c11185r

Nunkoo, R., y Gursoy, D. (2012). Residents’ support for tourism: An identity perspective. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(1), 243-268. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2011.05.006

Nunkoo, R., y Smith S. L. (2013). Political Economy of Tourism: Trust in Government Actors, Political Support, and Their Determinants. Tourism Management, 36, 120–132. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2012.11.018

Nunkoo, R., y So, K. K. F. (2016). Residents’ support for tourism: Testing alternative structural models. Journal of Travel Research, 55(7), 847-861. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0047287515592972

Parra, D., Añó, V., Calabuig, F., y Ayora, D. (2016). Percepción de los residentes sobre el legado de la America’s Cup. Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte, 16(1), 309-322.

Peters, M., y Schuckert, M. (2014). Tourism entrepreneurs' perception of quality of life: an explorative study. Tourism Analysis, 19(6), 731-740. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/108354214X14146846679484.

Plog, S. (2001). Why destination areas rise and fall in popularity: An update of a Cornell Quarterly classic. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 42(3), 13-24. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0010-8804(01)81020-X

Rasoolimanesh, S. M., Jaafar, M., Kock, N., y Ramayah, T. (2015). A revised framework of social exchange theory to investigate the factors influencing residents' perceptions. Tourism Management Perspectives, 16, 335-345. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmp.2015.10.001

Ritchie, B. W., Burns, P. M., y Palmer, C. A. (Eds.). (2005). Tourism research methods: integrating theory with practice. Wallingford: Cabi Publishing.

Sharpley, R. (2014). Host perceptions of tourism: A review of the research. Tourism Management, 42, 37-49. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2013.10.007

Sinclair-Maragh, G. (2017). Demographic analysis of residents' support for tourism development in Jamaica. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 6(1), 5-12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdmm.2016.03.005

Sinclair-Maragh, G., y Gursoy, D. (2016). A conceptual model of residents’ support for tourism development in developing countries. Tourism Planning & Development, 13(1), 1-22. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/21568316.2015.1047531

Sobel, M. E. (1982). Asymptotic confidence intervals for indirect effects in structural equation models. Sociological methodology, 13, 290-312.

Stylidis, D., Biran, A., Sit, J., y Szivas, E. M. (2014). Residents' support for tourism development: The role of residents' place image and perceived tourism impacts. Tourism Management, 45, 260-274. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2014.05.006

Suess, C. (2014). Factors Influencing the Perceived Impacts of Medical Tourism Development on Quality of Life. (Tesis Doctoral). Universidad de Nevada. Las Vegas.

Twynam, G. y Johnston, M. (2004). Changes in Host Community Reactions to a Special Sporting Event. Current Issues in Tourism, 7(3), 242-261. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13683500408667981

Uysal, M., Perdue, R., y Sirgy, M. J. (Eds.). (2012). Handbook of tourism and quality-of-life research: Enhancing the lives of tourists and residents of host communities. Springer Science & Business Media.

Uysal, M., Sirgy, M. J., Woo, E., y Kim, H. L. (2016). Quality of life (QOL) and well-being research in tourism. Tourism Management, 53, 244-261. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2015.07.013

Wang, Y., y Pfister, R. E. (2008). Residents' attitudes toward tourism and perceived personal benefits in a rural community. Journal of Travel Research, 47(1), 84-93. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0047287507312402

Weed, M. (2008). Sport y tourism: A reader. London: Routledge.

Williams, J., y Lawson, R. (2001). Community issues and resident opinions of tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 28(2), 269-290. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(00)00030-X

Woo, E., Kim, H., y Uysal, M. (2015). Life satisfaction and support for tourism development. Annals of Tourism Research, 50, 84-97. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2014.11.001

Woo, E., Uysal, M., y Sirgy, M. J. (2018). Tourism impact and stakeholders’ quality of life. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, 42(2), 260-286. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1096348016654971

Wood, J. F. (2011). An Introduction to Intercultural Communication: Identities in a Global Community. Journal of Intercultural Communication Research, 40(2), 173-175. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17475759.2011.581035

Woosnam, K.M., y Aleshinloye, K.D. (2018). Residents’ emotional solidarity with tourists: Explaining perceived impacts of a cultural heritage festival. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, 42(4), 587–605 DOI: https:// doi/10.1177/1096348015584440

Xu, S., Barbieri, C., Anderson, D., Leung, Y. F., y Rozier-Rich, S. (2016). Residents' perceptions of wine tourism development. Tourism Management, 55, 276-286. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2016.02.016

Yu, C. P., Chancellor, H. C., y Cole, S. T. (2011). Measuring residents’ attitudes toward sustainable tourism: A reexamination of the sustainable tourism attitude scale. Journal of Travel Research, 50(1), 57-63. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0047287509353189

Zhao, X., Lynch Jr, J. G., y Chen, Q. (2010). Reconsidering Baron and Kenny: Myths and truths about mediation analysis. Journal of Consumer Research, 37(2), 197-206. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/651257

Publicado
15-04-2020
Cómo citar
González-garcía, R. J., Escamilla-Fajardo, P., López-Carril, S., & Nuñez-Pomar, J. (2020). Percepciones de los residentes sobre el turismo deportivo: impactos, calidad de vida y apoyo al sector. Cuadernos De Psicología Del Deporte, 20(2), 174-188. https://doi.org/10.6018/cpd.388431
Sección
Ciencias del Deporte